Masaki Shibutani
Jun 20 · Last update 6 mo. ago.
What should resolve the immigration and refugee problem?
In recent years, there is a need for solutions for immigrants and refugees problem. This problem caused Brexit, Trump, international discord, and some problem. Moreover, in European (UK and France, Netherlands, Italy, some Nordic countries), radical right party extend power over and won each election. Such political parties advocate anti-immigration policy. In addition, in the United States presidential election, Trump won because of defining a clear position on anti-immigration. On the other hand, Germany has accepted refugees and immigrants. And, EU attempt to assigns refugee acceptance roles to each country and address the serious challenge of the refugee problem. What do you think of the Immigration and refugee problem? How do you think we should address?
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Immigration is a force for good and it should be utilised as an economic tool
2 agrees
0 disagrees
High immigration rates are fuelling economic and social problems and need to be strictly controlled
0 agrees
1 disagrees
Focussing on the symptoms not the cause of the problem will not accomplish anything
0 agrees
1 disagrees
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Immigration is a force for good and it should be utilised as an economic tool

The free movement of people is an ethical goal, it could lead to greater international peace and could even have positive long term economic results. However, immigration requires greater short term investment and the right attitude to proactive integration. This issue is often described in a negative light and utilised by politicians to gain the votes of the uninformed demographic of a country, as Donald Trump has recently demonstrated. But a greater understanding of this phenomenon is required and long term goals and time-frames need to be considered when utilising this resource.

Freedom of movement should be encouraged so people can learn from each others cultures. Economies thrive on two things, competition and innovation and immigration can open up an economy to both. Just as the migrant has had a different experience of life and culture compared to a national of the country, they will also be bringing this different way to look at things with them when immigrating. While there will be an initial dip in an economy following large scale migration, it needs to be looked at as an investment made in the long term future of the country and economy, and that is what statistically can happen if handled right.

However the economic effect is not simply a case of an initial cost for a long term return. There will be somewhat of an initial boost to the private sector too, the governments initial covering of the cost of immigrants/refugees food, housing and language education will boost the service industry surrounding these necessities. This is effectively tax that is physically being invested back into the private sector. This has caused some, such as German economist Ferdinand Fichtner to describe immigration, and specifically refugee expenditure, as a “big economic stimulus package”.

Many countries around the world are suffering from an ageing population, and in 2015 Germany was one such country, having the second worst old-age population skew after Japan. Both of these countries were suffering with a negative population growth and a skilled labour shortage as a result. Subsequent analysis of these too countries will effectively prove the usefulness of immigration at tackling this issue, as both countries have extremely different immigration policies.

wenr.wes.org/2017/05/lessons-germanys-refugee-crisis-integration-costs-benefits

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 22
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DH edited this paragraph
Many countries around the world are suffering from an ageing population, and in 2015 Germany was one such country, having the second worst old-age population skew after Japan. Both of these countries were suffering with a negative population growth and a skilled labour shortage as a result. Subsequent analysis of these too countries will effectively prove the usefulness of immigration at tackling this issue, as both countries have extremely different immigration policies.
High immigration rates are fuelling economic and social problems and need to be strictly controlled

All countries are in a delicate balance. Massive jumps in population, having people from different cultures influx en masse, and having potentiality dangerous individuals enter a country without vetting them, can cause many problems. There is growing global concern over the dangers to security, national identity and the economy, that high rates of immigration pose.

Instability is often the result of hasty economic policy. High immigration levels are often an example of such policies. It is estimated that Germany has taken in over a million asylum seekers over the three year period of 2013-2016, with a sharp decline in 2017. Of this number fairly few found employment in the subsequent years, for example only a third of the refugees that have settled since 2013 were able to gain sustained long term employment. Accordingly social welfare expenditure has reached over 20 million Euros in Germany in both 2016 and 2017. In 2017 this amounted to 6% of Germany’s total annual operating budget and amounts to gambling the countries economic future on the performance of people they really know little about.

However, the economic problems are not limited to integration, welfare and employment. When considering that in 2014 and 2015 an estimated 325,000 refugees, aged between 6 and 18, entered Germany, the question and related cost of effective schooling becomes an issue also. The local governments of Germany have estimated that there will be an additional education cost of €2.3 billion annually, with a need for 20,000 additional teachers. The reality that with so many foreign students some extra classes will need to be delivered in a second language, coupled with a qualified teacher shortage in Germany, makes this situation even more complicated.

With many of the migrants in Germany coming to the country as refugees directly from war zones, it is likely that there will be many individuals in need to social care. Many refugees may have lived through unthinkable conditions, and may be suffering from deep psychological problems such as PTSD. This not only places another significant burden of cost on the country, but if some of these problems fail to be addressed, or slip through the cracks, this could pose the additional problem of boosting crime or putting other citizens at risk. Furthermore there are examples of social services failing to act adequately around issues involving migrants altogether. For example the failure of authorities to follow up reports of sexual abuse surround a paedophile gang in Rotherham in the UK, through fear of triggering racism allegations and damaging relations within the community.

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 22
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
With many of the migrants in Germany coming to the country as refugees directly from war zones, it is likely that there will be many individuals in need to social care. Many refugees may have lived through unthinkable conditions, and may be suffering from deep psychological problems such as PTSD. This not only places another significant burden of cost on the country, but if some of these problems fail to be addressed, or slip through the cracks, this could pose the additional problem of boosting crime or putting other citizens at risk. Furthermore there are examples of social services failing to act adequately around issues involving migrants altogether. For example the failure of authorities to follow up reports of sexual abuse surround a paedophile gang in Rotherham in the UK, through fear of triggering racism allegations and damaging relations within the community.
Focussing on the symptoms not the cause of the problem will not accomplish anything

The root cause of internal or external displacement of peoples is due to factors such as war, natural disaster, famine, poverty, persecution, or criminal violence. Recently an overwhelming number of refugees have been displaced mostly as a result of civil warfare across North Africa and Middle East. This situation cannot be dealt with cohesively or rationally without first addressing the reasons that these countries have had such long lasting periods of instability, and then acting on this with sensitivity and swiftness.

The need to address this issue is becoming increasingly apparent in light of the recent wave of anti-immigration movements to sweep Europe and the United States. The clear rise in popularity of nationalist right-wing parties in France, Holland, Germany and the success of the United Kingdoms Brexit campaign to leave the European Union are all examples of the popular backlash against increased immigration.

This shift in opinion is, in part, due to the open boarder policy adopted in German in 2015. It revealed a large cross section of Europeans are more concerned with security, and issues of national values and identity, than with humanitarian concerns or any long term economic benefits that immigration can have. This attitude may well put places like Europe in a position of greater political and economic instability, as individuals with little experience in politics and/or economics may be thrust into positions of power suddenly. Which can be seen at present in the US with Donald Trump. Europe should be watching Trumps presidency closely, and deciding if this isolationist nationalist rhetoric really stands true in the modern world.

Donald Trump marked the start of his presidency with an attempted executive order to ban travel from muslim majority countries. This approach to immigration has continued despite international indignation. Trump’s passing of a zero tolerance illegal immigration policy lead to thousands of migrant children being removed from their families and imprisoned in facilities to be deported at a later date. Trumps decisions continue to split families apart and cause devastating upheaval to individuals that are often fleeing violence and poverty.

The only solution to improving these situation has to involve improving international and intra-national diplomacy. Wars are started as a result of failed attempts to deal with political, social or economic disagreements. If diplomacy cannot be achieved locally, the global community should work together to try and find a resolution before the situation declines into a state of war. People become displaced first internally, and eventually flee their country if situations do not change. Diplomacy is key in dealing with any issue of mass migration before it becomes a problem. It is also imperative when dealing with displacement caused by persecution; outside groups such as the UN should be taking proactive steps, not just denouncing a situation indefinitely. Natural disaster and famine should be dealt with similarly, with humanitarian groups taking swift control of delicate situations.

Refusing entry, deporting refugees, or any other nationalist solution adopted by a country, will just lead to the problem festering and intensifying in time. This will not just lead to greater suffering, as refugees and migrants are sent back to dangerous environments, but will also complicate future issues as the number of displaced will rise. The UN is meant to function as an international intermediary, and anything that can speed up conflict resolution globally should lie within their hands. Changes to UN procedures, such as abandoning the UN’s veto system, should be the first point of call in dealing with current warfare catastrophes and, as a result, the immigration and refugee crises around the world. The situation will only worsen if the root cause is ignored.

bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44303556 listverse.com/2013/01/28/top-10-failures-of-the-united-nations-2 nytimes.com/2018/06/22/us/politics/trump-immigration-borders-family-separation.html

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Daniel Halliday
Jul 16
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
The root cause of internal or external displacement of peoples is due to factors such as war, natural disaster, famine, poverty, persecution, or criminal violence. Recently an overwhelming number of refugees have been displaced mostly as a result of civil warfare across North Africa and Middle East. This situation cannot be dealt with cohesively or rationally without first addressing the reasons that these countries have had such long lasting periods of instability, and then acting on this with sensitivity and swiftness.
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