Masaki Shibutani
Jun 20, 2018 · Last update 4 mo. ago.
What should resolve the immigration and refugee problem?
In recent years, there is a need for solutions for immigrants and refugees problem. This problem caused Brexit, Trump, international discord, and some problem. Moreover, in European (UK and France, Netherlands, Italy, some Nordic countries), radical right party extend power over and won each election. Such political parties advocate anti-immigration policy. In addition, in the United States presidential election, Trump won because of defining a clear position on anti-immigration. On the other hand, Germany has accepted refugees and immigrants. And, EU attempt to assigns refugee acceptance roles to each country and address the serious challenge of the refugee problem. What do you think of the Immigration and refugee problem? How do you think we should address?
Stats of Viewpoints
Address climate change
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Immigration is a force for good and it should be utilised as an economic tool
2 agrees
0 disagrees
High immigration rates are fuelling economic and social problems and need to be strictly controlled
0 agrees
1 disagrees
Focussing on the symptoms not the cause of the problem will not accomplish anything
0 agrees
1 disagrees
Viewpoints
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Address climate change

Moving forward climate change is set to become the biggest disaster facing humanity, and the first signs of this all-encompassing disaster will be high levels of migration. Climate change is already linked to extreme weather conditions, with increase floods, droughts and storms such as the devastating cyclone that hit southern Africa in early 2019, but as events like this become common they will increasingly lead to food and water shortages. Such impacts of climate change have already been contributing factors to various conflicts in the world, such as the Arab Spring, the Syrian War, and Boko Haram's insurgency, which have themselves caused migrations crises as thousands flee violence. Addressing climate change and controlling corruption to reform the global socio-economic norm, form a new sustainable and fair worldwide economy, and alleviate refugee producing violence, will be the only way to curb migration crises what will only worsen in time.

iafrica.com/southern-africa-battles-with-devastating-cyclone-idai theguardian.com/environment/2016/dec/01/climate-change-trigger-unimaginable-refugee-crisis-senior-military

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Immigration is a force for good and it should be utilised as an economic tool

The free movement of people is an ethical goal; it could lead to greater international peace and could even have positive long term economic results. However, immigration requires greater short term investment and the right attitude to proactive integration. This issue is often described in a negative light and utilised by politicians to gain the votes of the uninformed demographic of a country, as Donald Trump has recently demonstrated. But a greater understanding of this phenomenon is required and long term goals and time-frames need to be considered when utilising this resource.

Freedom of movement should be encouraged so people can learn from each other's cultures, and the world can become more peaceful and integrated socially and economically. Economies thrive on two things, competition and innovation, and immigration can open up an economy to both. Just as the migrant has had a different experience of life and culture compared to a national of the country, they will also be bringing this different way to look at things with them when emigrating from their home country. While there will be an initial dip in an economy following large scale migration, it needs to be looked at as an investment made in the long term future of the country and economy, and that is what statistically can happen if handled right.

However the economic effect is not simply a case of an initial cost for a long term return. There will be somewhat of an initial boost to the private sector too; the government's initial covering of the cost of immigrants/refugees food, housing and language education will boost the service industry surrounding these necessities. This is effectively tax that is physically being invested back into the private sector. This has caused some, such as German economist Ferdinand Fichtner to describe immigration, and specifically refugee expenditure, as a “big economic stimulus package”.

Many countries around the world are suffering from an ageing population, and in 2015 Germany was one such country, having the second worst old-age population skew after Japan. Both of these countries were suffering with a negative population growth and a skilled labour shortage as a result. Subsequent analysis of these two countries will effectively prove the usefulness of immigration at tackling this issue, as both countries have extremely different immigration policies.

In Germany it is thought that population decline would occur taking the country from its current 82.1 million to 67.6-78.6 million by 2060. While this trend would only worsen labour shortages and damage the economy, a 2015 German Institute for Economic Research study has demonstrated using current cost-intensive integration could break-even after just a few years. If this is the case increased levels of migrant employment and consumption could help contribute to more than 1% boost to national GDP as soon as 2025.

Likewise a study by Deutsche Bank found that immigration could help German address the loss of skills as a result of the country's ageing population, describing it as an “investment in the future”. This becomes increasingly clear as you consider the skilled labour available, a survey of 2,300 refugees found that 19% had attended higher education, 13% had university degrees and around two thirds of all migrants had a secondary school level education. Furthermore before the war, Syria had one of the highest populations of doctors per person of any country in the world, 2159 of which are now in employment in Germany. This collection of potential skilled labour could prove to be a win-win situation for any country suffering from a skilled-labour shortage, while individuals falling outside of these statistics could be trained or directly address any un-skilled labour shortage also.

wenr.wes.org/2017/05/lessons-germanys-refugee-crisis-integration-costs-benefits nytimes.com/2018/06/22/us/politics/trump-immigration-borders-family-separation.html foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/07/syrian-doctors-are-saving-german-lives-problem-refugee-crisis

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Daniel Halliday
Apr 23
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
https://wenr.wes.org/2017/05/lessons-germanys-refugee-crisis-integration-costs-benefits https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/22/us/politics/trump-immigration-borders-family-separation.html https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/03/07/syrian-doctors-are-saving-german-lives-problem-refugee-crisis/
High immigration rates are fuelling economic and social problems and need to be strictly controlled

All countries are in a delicate balance. Massive jumps in population, having people from different cultures influx en masse, and having potentiality dangerous individuals enter a country without vetting them, can cause many problems. There is a growing global concern over the dangers to security, national identity and the economy that high rates of immigration pose. This remains an issue that often causes confusion or is misconstrued but it is reasonable to want to control boarders, and doing so will help curtail instability.

Instability is often the result of hasty economic policy. High immigration levels are often an example of such policies. It is estimated that Germany has taken in over a million asylum seekers during the three year period of 2013-2016, with a sharp decline in 2017. Of this number fairly few found employment in the subsequent years, for example only a third of the refugees that have settled since 2013 were able to gain sustained long term employment. Accordingly social welfare expenditure has reached over 20 million Euros in Germany in both 2016 and 2017. In 2017 this amounted to 6% of Germany’s total annual operating budget and amounts to gambling the country's economic future on the performance of people they really know little about.

However, the economic problems are not limited to integration, welfare and employment. When considering that in 2014 and 2015 an estimated 325,000 refugees, aged between 6 and 18, entered Germany, the question and related cost of effective schooling becomes an issue also. The local governments of Germany have estimated that there will be an additional education cost of €2.3 billion annually, with a need for 20,000 additional teachers. The reality is that with so many foreign students in schools, some extra classes will need to be delivered in a second language, this coupled with a qualified teacher shortage in Germany makes the situation seem even more complicated.

With many of the migrants in Germany coming to the country as refugees directly from war zones, it is likely that there will be many individuals in need to social care. Many refugees may have lived through unthinkable conditions, and may be suffering from deep psychological problems such as post traumatic stress disorder. This not only places another significant burden of cost on the country, but if some of these problems fail to be addressed, or slip through the cracks, this could pose the additional problem of boosting crime or putting other citizens at risk. Furthermore there are examples of social services failing to act adequately around issues involving migrants altogether. For example the failure of authorities to follow up reports of sexual abuse surround a paedophile gang in Rotherham in the UK, through fear of triggering racism allegations and damaging relations within the community.

This raises big questions surrounding security and law enforcement also, as similar failures of law enforcement, as have been seen with social services, could be particularly catastrophic. Crime rates will inevitably increase as people are expected to find employment, sometimes without career or even language skills, and often only have the option of living on government handouts. Situations such as these are made increasingly difficult by migrant’s unfamiliarity with their new countries culture, which can lead to them possibly breaking laws or behaving in an unacceptable manner without even knowing it, or possibly thinking they can get away with it. Such was the case on New Year’s Eve 2015/16 in Cologne, Germany when up to one thousand men carried out wide spread sexual assaults despite the large police presence.

A similar turning point for public opinion regarding immigration has been the string of ISIS-inspired acts of terrorism, of which many were carried out by asylum seekers. While these extreme act may only have been supported by a select few, it points out the urgent need for strict control of immigration. Some countries have benefitted greatly from such policies by maintaining safety and security while gaining economically. An example of this is Japan, where the strict immigration procedure gives relatively small numbers of researchers, business managers and those with specialised/technical skills preferential treatment, and requires stringent control over all applications. As such Japan enjoys low levels of crime when comparing both regionally and to other industrialised nations.

nytimes.com/2016/01/15/world/europe/as-germany-welcomes-migrantssexual-attacks-in-cologne-point-to-a-new-reality.html

thesun.co.uk/news/2523332/migrants-sexually-assault-14-women-and-1000-strong-gang-throw-fireworks-at-police-as-chaos-hits-nye-events-across-germany-despite-heightened-security

wenr.wes.org/2017/05/lessons-germanys-refugee-crisis-integration-costs-benefits apecsec.org/japan-crime-statistics

youtube.com/watch?v=N5WZPPOy6Vg

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Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Apr 23
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
With many of the migrants in Germany coming to the country as refugees directly from war zones, it is likely that there will be many individuals in need to social care. Many refugees may have lived through unthinkable conditions, and may be suffering from deep psychological problems such as post traumatic stress disorder. This not only places another significant burden of cost on the country, but if some of these problems fail to be addressed, or slip through the cracks, this could pose the additional problem of boosting crime or putting other citizens at risk. Furthermore there are examples of social services failing to act adequately around issues involving migrants altogether. For example the failure of authorities to follow up reports of sexual abuse surround a paedophile gang in Rotherham in the UK, through fear of triggering racism allegations and damaging relations within the community.
Focussing on the symptoms not the cause of the problem will not accomplish anything

The root cause of internal or external displacement of peoples is due to factors such as war, natural disaster, famine, poverty, persecution, or criminal violence. Recently an overwhelming number of refugees have been displaced mostly as a result of civil warfare across North Africa and the Middle East, and this is part of what is fuelling the current migrant crisis in Europe. This situation cannot be dealt with cohesively or rationally without first addressing the reasons that these countries have had such long lasting periods of instability, and then acting on this with sensitivity and swiftness.

The need to address this issue is becoming increasingly apparent in light of the recent wave of anti-immigration movements to sweep Europe and the United States. The clear rise in popularity of nationalist right-wing parties in France, Holland, Germany and the success of the United Kingdom's Brexit campaign to leave the European Union are all examples of the popular backlash against increased immigration. With 77% of Britons taking an anti-immigration stance, according to a NatCen survey, it is clear just how widespread these opinions are.

This shift in opinion is, in part, due to the open boarder policy adopted in German in 2015. It revealed a large cross section of Europeans are more concerned with security, and issues of national values and identity, than with humanitarian concerns or any long term economic benefits that immigration can have. This attitude may well put places like Europe in a position of greater political and economic instability, as individuals with little experience in politics and/or economics may be thrust into positions of power suddenly. This can be seen at present in the US with Donald Trump. Europe should be watching Trump's presidency closely, and deciding if this isolationist nationalist rhetoric really stands true in the modern world.

Donald Trump marked the start of his presidency with an attempted executive order to ban travel from Muslim majority countries. This approach to immigration has continued despite international indignation. Trump’s passing of a zero tolerance illegal immigration policy also led to thousands of migrant children being removed from their families and imprisoned in facilities to be deported at a later date. Trump's decisions continue to split families apart and cause devastating upheaval to individuals that are often fleeing violence and poverty, while ignoring or in some cases worsening destabilisation in other nations internationally.

The only solution to improving these situations has to involve improving international and intra-national diplomacy. Wars are started as a result of failed attempts to deal with political, social or economic disagreements. If diplomacy cannot be achieved locally, the global community should work together to try and find a resolution before the situation declines into a state of war. People become displaced first internally, and eventually flee their country if situations do not change. Diplomacy is key when dealing with any issue of mass migration before it becomes a problem, and is also imperative when dealing with displacement caused by persecution; outside groups such as the UN should be taking proactive steps, not just denouncing a situation indefinitely. Natural disaster and famine should be dealt with similarly, with humanitarian groups taking swift control of delicate situations.

Refusing entry, deporting refugees, or any other nationalist solution adopted by a country, will just lead to the problem festering and intensifying in time. This will not just lead to greater suffering, as refugees and migrants are sent back to dangerous environments, but will also complicate future issues as the number of displaced will rise. The UN is meant to function as an international intermediary, and anything that can speed up conflict resolution globally should lie within their hands. Changes to UN procedures, such as abandoning the UN’s veto system, should be the first point of call in dealing with current warfare catastrophes and, as a result, the immigration and refugee crises around the world. The situation will only worsen if the root cause is ignored.

bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44303556 listverse.com/2013/01/28/top-10-failures-of-the-united-nations-2 nytimes.com/2018/06/22/us/politics/trump-immigration-borders-family-separation.html natcen.ac.uk/news-media/press-releases/2014/january/more-than-3-in-4-want-reduction-in-immigration

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Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Apr 23
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
Donald Trump marked the start of his presidency with an attempted executive order to ban travel from Muslim majority countries. This approach to immigration has continued despite international indignation. Trump’s passing of a zero tolerance illegal immigration policy also led to thousands of migrant children being removed from their families and imprisoned in facilities to be deported at a later date. Trump's decisions continue to split families apart and cause devastating upheaval to individuals that are often fleeing violence and poverty, while ignoring or in some cases worsening destabilisation in other nations internationally.
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