High immigration rates are fuelling economic and social problems and need to be strictly controlled
All countries are in a delicate balance. Massive jumps in population, having people from different cultures influx en masse, and having potentiality dangerous individuals enter a country without vetting them, can cause many problems. There is a growing global concern over the dangers to security, national identity and the economy that high rates of immigration pose. This remains an issue that often causes confusion or is misconstrued but it is reasonable to want to control boarders, and doing so will help curtail instability.
Instability is often the result of hasty economic policy. High immigration levels are often an example of such policies. It is estimated that Germany has taken in over a million asylum seekers during the three year period of 2013-2016, with a sharp decline in 2017. Of this number fairly few found employment in the subsequent years, for example only a third of the refugees that have settled since 2013 were able to gain sustained long term employment. Accordingly social welfare expenditure has reached over 20 million Euros in Germany in both 2016 and 2017. In 2017 this amounted to 6% of Germany’s total annual operating budget and amounts to gambling the country's economic future on the performance of people they really know little about.
However, the economic problems are not limited to integration, welfare and employment. When considering that in 2014 and 2015 an estimated 325,000 refugees, aged between 6 and 18, entered Germany, the question and related cost of effective schooling becomes an issue also. The local governments of Germany have estimated that there will be an additional education cost of €2.3 billion annually, with a need for 20,000 additional teachers. The reality is that with so many foreign students in schools, some extra classes will need to be delivered in a second language, this coupled with a qualified teacher shortage in Germany makes the situation seem even more complicated.
With many of the migrants in Germany coming to the country as refugees directly from war zones, it is likely that there will be many individuals in need to social care. Many refugees may have lived through unthinkable conditions, and may be suffering from deep psychological problems such as post traumatic stress disorder. This not only places another significant burden of cost on the country, but if some of these problems fail to be addressed, or slip through the cracks, this could pose the additional problem of boosting crime or putting other citizens at risk. Furthermore there are examples of social services failing to act adequately around issues involving migrants altogether. For example the failure of authorities to follow up reports of sexual abuse surround a paedophile gang in Rotherham in the UK, through fear of triggering racism allegations and damaging relations within the community.
This raises big questions surrounding security and law enforcement also, as similar failures of law enforcement, as have been seen with social services, could be particularly catastrophic. Crime rates will inevitably increase as people are expected to find employment, sometimes without career or even language skills, and often only have the option of living on government handouts. Situations such as these are made increasingly difficult by migrant’s unfamiliarity with their new countries culture, which can lead to them possibly breaking laws or behaving in an unacceptable manner without even knowing it, or possibly thinking they can get away with it. Such was the case on New Year’s Eve 2015/16 in Cologne, Germany when up to one thousand men carried out wide spread sexual assaults despite the large police presence.
A similar turning point for public opinion regarding immigration has been the string of ISIS-inspired acts of terrorism, of which many were carried out by asylum seekers. While these extreme act may only have been supported by a select few, it points out the urgent need for strict control of immigration. Some countries have benefitted greatly from such policies by maintaining safety and security while gaining economically. An example of this is Japan, where the strict immigration procedure gives relatively small numbers of researchers, business managers and those with specialised/technical skills preferential treatment, and requires stringent control over all applications. As such Japan enjoys low levels of crime when comparing both regionally and to other industrialised nations.