Technologically facilitated democracy could increase its effectiveness and help to propagate it
Technology may pose the answers for engaging the majority of the population who fail to engage in democracy and arm society with tools in increase transparency, but arguably technology could contribute to undermining participation and transparency in democratic states also. The resolution of this problem in the face of this dilemma may serve to influence less democratic nations, giving them a road map to democracy. Democracy is not a rigid or binary but a nuanced individualised process, it can be adopted and it can be improved no matter how long a history of democracy the society has enjoyed, but technologies such as electronic voting, blockchain and artificial intelligence are set to set to make the process easier, clearer and more effective.
One of the issues facing even healthy democracies is a low voter turn out, with only around 50% of voters casting a vote in the US and lower than 43% in the EU in recent years, showing a steady decline over time. However advances in and use of technologies such as blockchain could amount to making voting as uncomplicated as ordering take away food. Countries such as Estonia, India and Switzerland are already using electronic voting machines, but blockchain may make this process cheaper and more secure, possibly giving way to remote voting in the future. Furthermore, changes to the general population voting on issues rather than representatives could revolutionise democratic participation, bringing political issue to individual voters and encouraging direct participation in political issues.