Daniel Halliday
Jul 6 · Last update 3 mo. ago.
Should the UN be held accountable for Rwanda?
With a murder rate five times higher than the Holocaust, did the UN stall interventions enough to be accountable for some of the deaths of the Rwandan Genocide? Should other international parties also be held accountable for their implicit connection to this genocide?
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America stood by and watched despite involvement in other similar civil conflicts around this time
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If the question is of arming the Hutu government, then Israel is equally to blame
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If the UN can be blamed then France were equally involved also
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0 disagrees
Yes, the UN should be held accountable
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0 disagrees
Belgium’s propagation of tribal & ethnic hatred in colonial times set the stage for this genocide
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0 disagrees
The Roman Catholic Church should also be held accountable for harbouring genocide perpetrators
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America stood by and watched despite involvement in other similar civil conflicts around this time

Following the failed American involvement in the Somalian Civil War, Bill Clinton was cautious to do anything to help Rwanda, despite knowledge of a genocide being committed. Bill Clinton even admitted failing and expressed regret over his inaction. The American government therefore favoured preserving its public image above stopping one of the worst genocides of the 20th century.

Furthermore, if we take a step back to look into the ethnic tensions that lead to the Rwandan genocide, there was some US support in these tragic events. But this support was to neither the Hutu government or to the RPF directly. In the early 1990’s as the RPF left Uganda invading the Northern boarder of Rwanda setting up camps, they were being supplied via Yoweri Museveni’s Ugandan government, despite various embargoes and peace agreements. Despite both the US embassy and the CIA being aware of the rising ethnic tensions and the illegal movement of arms across the border, Washington increased both military and development aid to the Museveni government, hailing Museveni as a peacemaker.

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Daniel Halliday
Aug 30
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DH edited this paragraph
Furthermore, if we take a step back to look into the ethnic tensions that lead to the Rwandan genocide, there was some US support in these tragic events. But this support was to neither the Hutu government or to the RPF directly. In the early 1990’s as the RPF left Uganda invading the Northern boarder of Rwanda setting up camps, they were being supplied via Yoweri Museveni’s Ugandan government, despite various embargoes and peace agreements. Despite both the US embassy and the CIA being aware of the rising ethnic tensions and the illegal movement of arms across the border, Washington increased both military and development aid to the Museveni government, hailing Museveni as a peacemaker.
If the question is of arming the Hutu government, then Israel is equally to blame

Israel supplied guns, bullets and grenades to the Rwandan government throughout the 1990’s, and it is undoubtable that these weapons would have been used to carry out the genocide. This trade carried on despite a UN embargo on weapons in Rwanda, thus breaking international law. In 2016 the Israeli Supreme Court ruled to suppress any record of their involvement in Rwanda during this period, further implicating there accountability in the matter as they understood the relevance of arms supply enough to want to hide it.

Israeli support however seems to coincide with whoever has power in Rwanda rather than any preference or group or government. Israel’s backing of Paul Kagame to rename the Rwandan day of remembrance for the genocide, to make specific reference to “Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda”, was met with international disapproval, considering the amount of Hutu and Twa people caught up in the violence. The fact that Israel would back a dictator to re-write history in this way speaks volumes, but to then consider the role Israel directly played in that genocide clearly shines yet more light on Israel’s questionable moral conduct.

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Daniel Halliday
Aug 30
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DH edited this paragraph
Israel supplied guns, bullets and grenades to the Rwandan government throughout the 1990’s, and it is undoubtable that these weapons would have been used to carry out the genocide. This trade carried on despite a UN embargo on weapons in Rwanda, thus breaking international law. In 2016 the Israeli Supreme Court ruled to suppress any record of their involvement in Rwanda during this period, further implicating there accountability in the matter as they understood the relevance of arms supply enough to want to hide it.
If the UN can be blamed then France were equally involved also

Although responsibility is not the issue for France, their accountability has been brought up. The French government have even been investigated for supporting and cooperating with the Hutu Government throughout it perpetration of the genocide. They have also been accused of helping to train Hutu militia members, despite knowing of preparations for the genocide.

A number of national and international investigations have been conducted to ascertain the level of French action in Rwanda. The French Parliamentary Commission on Rwanda in 1998, accused the French government of misjudged involvement in Rwanda amidst an environment of ethnic tensions, massacres and violence. The commission failed to accuse France of involvement in the genocide directly, but lead to similar initiatives in Belgium in 1997, and in Rwanda itself in 2008.

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Daniel Halliday
Aug 12
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DH edited this paragraph
A number of national and international investigations have been conducted to ascertain the level of French action in Rwanda. The French Parliamentary Commission on Rwanda in 1998, accused the French government of misjudged involvement in Rwanda amidst an environment of ethnic tensions, massacres and violence. The commission failed to accuse France of involvement in the genocide directly, but lead to similar initiatives in Belgium in 1997, and in Rwanda itself in 2008.
Yes, the UN should be held accountable

Plans for the Genocide were uncovered by the UN forces in Rwanda before the outbreak of mass killing. The UN forces were blocked by the UN and by Hutu government when trying to raid weapons stockpiles the government had been hiding. Even following the outbreak of genocide Kofi Annan (then UN under-secretary-general) stalled and waited to let the security council make a decision, even though he understood the attacks to be an act of genocide and was aware that he had the power and clearance to order an intervention.

The UN’s failing in Rwanda goes far beyond their conduct during the outbreak of violence in the country. Former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was even involved in a weapons deal with the Hutu government 4 years prior to the genocide, when he was Egypt’s minister of foreign affairs, selling weapons that must have been utilised in the genocide.

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Daniel Halliday
Aug 12
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DH edited this paragraph
The UN’s failing in Rwanda goes far beyond their conduct during the outbreak of violence in the country. Former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was even involved in a weapons deal with the Hutu government 4 years prior to the genocide, when he was Egypt’s minister of foreign affairs, selling weapons that must have been utilised in the genocide.
Belgium’s propagation of tribal & ethnic hatred in colonial times set the stage for this genocide

The precolonial Tutsi Kingdom of Rwanda, that was ceded to German and then Belgian Colonialism following the First World War, already housed Tutsi-Hutu tensions. However, the colonisers concreted this by regarding Tutsi, Hutu and Twa as simply ethnicity. Whereas in precolonial times rich Hutu could become honorary Tutsi, Belgium introduced ethnic ID cards and backed Tutsi supremacy, cementing ethnic tensions further. This eventually lead to the Rwandan Revolution of 1959 and the beginning of Hutu-Tutsi Violence.

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The Roman Catholic Church should also be held accountable for harbouring genocide perpetrators

Despite heroic acts of certain religious groups and individuals during the Rwandan genocide, some Priests were directly involved. In the years following the Genocide the Catholic Church actively aided some of these priests in fleeing the area, even helping them assume a new identity and relocate to Italy in one circumstance. While not directly advocating the violence, harbouring and covering for genocide perpetrators is especially abhorrent.

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