E. Sato
Jul 26 · Last update 19 days ago.
What is happening between Israel and Palestine?
Wars and conflicts in modern era often seem to be rooted in religion or concession. Does the cause of what is happening in Israel and Palestine fall into either of these? Should any other parties (countries, groups and organisations) be involved or taking responsibilities for it?
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Israel/Palestine is an example of the failure of British post-colonial government policy
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Israel is simply developing on unused land, and improving infrastructure in the West Bank
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Israel is breaking international law and developing settlements in Palestinian territory
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Its ethnic and religious persecution of the worst kind
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Israel/Palestine is an example of the failure of British post-colonial government policy

Britain failed to reach an agreement between Jews and Arabs in the region and withdrew in 1947, allowing the problem to descend into violence. This has lead to numerous wars, terrorism, ethnic tension and a break down of human rights in the region over long periods of time. This is a left over problem of British colonial rule, which the whole world seems unable to find a suitable resolution for.

During World War One this region was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, and the British promised to recognise Arab independence in the area in return for Arab assistance to British forces, fighting against the Ottomans. Following the First World War and the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the British Empire took control of this region as “Mandatory Palestine”, seen as a betrayal to the Arabs in the region. In 1917 the British government made the Balfour Declaration, a public statement to support a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine, and in 1923 Britain gained consent from the League of Nations to control the peoples of the region until a time when they were stable and “able to stand on their own” [1].

During this period of British control nationalism in both the Jewish and Arab communities increased, both against the British and each other respectively. This lead to the Arab Revolt in 1936 and the Jewish insurgency in 1938, both targeting the British occupation of the region. Trying to address the situation the British Government held the London Conference of 1939, where they proposed a limit of European Jewish migration to Israel and a limit on Jewish land purchases in the region, which prompted further outrage. Following this extremist Zionists organised further attacks and the “Aliyah Bet” the process of Jewish illegal immigration into Palestine.

Following the Second World War these ongoing tensions descended into a state of civil war. To address this, the newly formed UN adopted the Partition Plan for Palestine in 1947 and carved up the country, this did not quash the violence and British control disintegrated the following year. Even though the British double crossed both sides, it was only due to Jordan and Egypt that Palestinian territory was protected in subsequent wars in any way. The British made conflicting agreement to both communities during the First World War and then failed to resolve the problem they made for themselves, and therefore failed as an effective authority in the region. The blame for this problem undoubtedly falls on the British as it was created by them.

[1] avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/leagcov.asp#art22

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 22
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DH edited this paragraph
During this period of British control nationalism in both the Jewish and Arab communities increased, both against the British and each other respectively. This lead to the Arab Revolt in 1936 and the Jewish insurgency in 1938, both targeting the British occupation of the region. Trying to address the situation the British Government held the London Conference of 1939, where they proposed a limit of European Jewish migration to Israel and a limit on Jewish land purchases in the region, which prompted further outrage. Following this extremist Zionists organised further attacks and the “Aliyah Bet” the process of Jewish illegal immigration into Palestine.
Israel is simply developing on unused land, and improving infrastructure in the West Bank

Israel is developing on land unused by Palestinian settlements while providing infrastructure such as roads and in some cases a police force. Israel is a consolidated democracy, with strong civil liberties, and a strong a prosperous economy, Palestinians could be better off living side by side peacefully in these areas with Israelis. Ending the development of and removing current settlements won’t end the conflict, as can be seen in Gaza.

The State of Israel was formed on 14th May 1948, after the Jewish population successfully opposed British rule. All the bordering Arab countries followed this by invading the country and Israel fought and won territory throughout the former Palestinian region, in the First Arab-Israeli War. Israel won the territories of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights in the preemptive Six-Day War in 1967. Various conflicts continued from this until 1977 when talks between leaders of Israel and Egypt lead to the Camp David Accords and the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. From this the Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt and negotiations began over the west bank and the Gaza Strip.

However, normalised relations with Egypt did not stop continuing aggression from other Arab groups, such as the Palestinian Liberation Organisation operating out of Lebanon. The PLO carried out the Coastal Road massacre in 1978 and a series of other attacks until Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982. This tense situation between Israel and multiple Arab groups such as the PLO, Hezbollah and even Saddam Hussein continued for the next decade until the 1993 signing of the Oslo Accords, in which the PLO recognised Israel’s right to exist for the first time. This was followed the next year by the Israel-Jordan peace treaty, the second Arab country to sign a peace deal with Israel.

Jewish settlers are now simply using unclaimed regions in an area where the Israeli armed forces have had to defend themselves against many antagonists on numerous occasions. Antagonists whose sole intention is to remove a jewish presences from the region altogether. Israel has pulled out of regions such as Gaza but groups like Hamas have made problems in this region worse, ending the settlements in the west bank may lead to a similar fate.

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 22
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DH edited this paragraph
However, normalised relations with Egypt did not stop continuing aggression from other Arab groups, such as the Palestinian Liberation Organisation operating out of Lebanon. The PLO carried out the Coastal Road massacre in 1978 and a series of other attacks until Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982. This tense situation between Israel and multiple Arab groups such as the PLO, Hezbollah and even Saddam Hussein continued for the next decade until the 1993 signing of the Oslo Accords, in which the PLO recognised Israel’s right to exist for the first time. This was followed the next year by the Israel-Jordan peace treaty, the second Arab country to sign a peace deal with Israel.
Israel is breaking international law and developing settlements in Palestinian territory

Following decades of unrest in the area this remains one of the most complicated diplomatic issues in the world, and Israel continues to complicate the situation and derail peace by continuing development in the West Bank. The government of Israel is subsidising settlements in this area, so the problem is indisputably caused by them. In 2017 the Israeli parliament even passed a law to protect a settlement built on Palestinian private property.

After fighting for and gaining the West Bank following the Six-Day War in 1967 Israel ceded control of the West Bank to Palestine. One of the few diplomatic understandings that have been reached in the long strained diplomatic relationship between Israel and Palestine is Palestines sovereign right to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. However, since the 1970’s Israeli citizens began building settlements in the West Bank, encroaching on Palestines agreed territory.

To this date 131 settlements and 97 outposts have been constructed, all of these 97 outposts considered illegal even under Israeli law. Instead of recognising there illegality, Israel had defended these new settlements by sending police into the West Bank, and the population of these settlements continues to grow massively, often backed by the Israeli government financially.

Almost all international groups and countries believe unanimously that Israeli settlements in the West Bank in Palestine defy international law, even America, one of Israel’s closest allies, has maintained this position. Israel ignores this and carries on developing these settlements, and as mentioned above has began legally protecting certain settlements as of 2017. Such areas were previously decided to be unlawful by the Israeli Supreme Court and planned to be dismantled, although even these decisions are changing amidst a shifting international political landscape, following Donald Trump taking office in the US.

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 21
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DH edited this paragraph
After fighting for and gaining the West Bank following the Six-Day War in 1967 Israel ceded control of the West Bank to Palestine. One of the few diplomatic understandings that have been reached in the long strained diplomatic relationship between Israel and Palestine is Palestines sovereign right to the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. However, since the 1970’s Israeli citizens began building settlements in the West Bank, encroaching on Palestines agreed territory.
Its ethnic and religious persecution of the worst kind

This situation between Israel and Palestine is much worse and goes much further than Israeli land grabs in the West Bank. In Gaza, Israel have formed a state sized prison for the Palestinian people, building a militarised boundary around the country while controlling all that goes in and out of the region including people and food. The latter of which is maintained at such a low level that is leading to wide spread malnutrition amongst Palestinian children in Gaza, the Israeli government has referred to this as putting Palestinians on a “diet”.

It is not just heavy handed food control policies being orchestrated by Israel, with campaigns of violence being even worse such as the case of Israeli soldiers deliberately shooting even medics in the legs as they were attempting to treat the injured in Gaza. The Israeli government are perpetuating a ridiculous state of affairs, considering the long historical persecution of the Jews, they are now inflicting a similar treatment on their Arab neighbours. Reparations should be made, Israel should stop controlling this region in any way, and trade and fishing should be allowed to resume to give these people some kind of life back. The human rights abuses are reminiscent of some of the worst authoritarian regimes in history, and Gaza is arguably functioning as one big prison state that functions like a concentration camp.

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 21
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
This situation between Israel and Palestine is much worse and goes much further than Israeli land grabs in the West Bank. In Gaza, Israel have formed a state sized prison for the Palestinian people, building a militarised boundary around the country while controlling all that goes in and out of the region including people and food. The latter of which is maintained at such a low level that is leading to wide spread malnutrition amongst Palestinian children in Gaza, the Israeli government has referred to this as putting Palestinians on a “diet”.
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