Policymaking
Daniel Halliday
Jul 30 · Last update 19 days ago.
What can be done about conflict resources?
Conflict minerals, diamonds and petroleum have been utilised to fund or support war criminals and terrorists in Africa and the Middle East. What can be done about it?
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Economic controls hurt legitimate & illegitimate business alike, the root cause needs to be resolved
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Get the resource out of the supply chain, the power lies in the hands of the consumer
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Economic controls hurt legitimate & illegitimate business alike, the root cause needs to be resolved

The laws put in place in the US and the EU don’t work, full transparency is hard to gain or maintain. The rest of the world seemingly has no problem trading in conflict resources and refining them, making the whole process even harder to accurately trace. The root of the conflict needs to be addressed, rather than trying to avoid one means of support of the conflict.

A blanket reduction of trade with the DRC also goes against legitimate mining practices, further hurting the livelihood of legal mining companies, employees and exporters. Simply reducing the amount of resources utilised that come from the Congo will also hurt the DRC’s economy, and further complicate the poverty, violence and lack of human rights in the country. It is impossible to not use a resource because of a conflict associated with it, therefore a diplomatic or military solution to the conflict would be much better. This is the only resolution that can aid the restructuring of conflict resource trade and the rebuilding of a country such as the DRC.

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Daniel Halliday
Aug 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
A blanket reduction of trade with the DRC also goes against legitimate mining practices, further hurting the livelihood of legal mining companies, employees and exporters. Simply reducing the amount of resources utilised that come from the Congo will also hurt the DRC’s economy, and further complicate the poverty, violence and lack of human rights in the country. It is impossible to not use a resource because of a conflict associated with it, therefore a diplomatic or military solution to the conflict would be much better. This is the only resolution that can aid the restructuring of conflict resource trade and the rebuilding of a country such as the DRC.
Get the resource out of the supply chain, the power lies in the hands of the consumer

Conflict resources started out as a concept to describe the trade of Diamonds to finance rebellions in Angola and Sierra Leone throughout the 1990’s. The term was then extended to the similar use of Timber in Liberia, Cambodia and the Central African Republic, and then for various minerals traded to prolong conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although questionable trade in diamonds, timber, and oil still continue, it is arguably the trade of tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold that have continue to directly fund conflict in the DRC.

In 2010 US Senator Sam Brownback added Section 1502 to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. This law required electronics companies to verify and disclose their sources of tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold used in their products. With the idea in mind that the consumer can boycott products that indirectly fund conflicts in the world and therefore cause companies to seek out better sources and tackle the issue by manipulating the supply chain. Kemet, Intel, HP and Motorola are all companies who are currently tracking where their resources come from.

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Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Aug 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
Conflict resources started out as a concept to describe the trade of Diamonds to finance rebellions in Angola and Sierra Leone throughout the 1990’s. The term was then extended to the similar use of Timber in Liberia, Cambodia and the Central African Republic, and then for various minerals traded to prolong conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although questionable trade in diamonds, timber, and oil still continue, it is arguably the trade of tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold that have continue to directly fund conflict in the DRC.
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