Get the resource out of the supply chain, the power lies in the hands of the consumer
Conflict resources started out as a concept to describe the trade of Diamonds to finance rebellions in Angola and Sierra Leone throughout the 1990’s. The term was then extended to the similar use of Timber in Liberia, Cambodia and the Central African Republic, and then for various minerals traded to prolong conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although questionable trade in diamonds, timber, and oil still continue, it is arguably the trade of tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold that have continue to directly fund conflict in the DRC.
In 2010 US Senator Sam Brownback added Section 1502 to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. This law required electronics companies to verify and disclose their sources of tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold used in their products. With the idea in mind that the consumer can boycott products that indirectly fund conflicts in the world and therefore cause companies to seek out better sources and tackle the issue by manipulating the supply chain. Kemet, Intel, HP and Motorola are all companies who are currently tracking where their resources come from.