Daniel Halliday
Oct 6 · Last update 14 days ago.
What lead to the collapse of communism?
At its height 27 countries claimed to be communist states, however, today only five countries remain. So what lead to the fall of communism?
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The Autumn of Nations lead to a hole in the Iron Curtain
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Communism collapsed with the Berlin Wall
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Communism was never realised and could not exist
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The Autumn of Nations lead to a hole in the Iron Curtain

In 1989, Poland held its first free election since 1928 that lead to the effective removal of the Polish United Workers Party. This sparked a democratic revolution in Eastern Europe called the Autumn of Nations (linked to the Spring of Nations revolution of 1848), Hungry was the next Eastern European country to follow suit and removed it border fence also. This lead to a mass escape of East Germans, through Austria and Hungary to West Germany, that eventually lead to the Berlin Wall’s removal and free elections being held all over Eastern Europe.

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Communism collapsed with the Berlin Wall

The “Iron Curtain” was the name for the armed boarder that divided Europe from 1945 until 1992. In reality this boarder physically marked the boarder between the Soviet Union and “the West”, but it was symbolically marked in the divided German city of Berlin by the Berlin Wall. Following a series of revolutions in many former Soviet States and the collapse of the East German government in 1989, there was a mass exodus to the West as the Iron Curtain fell and communism with it. The following year destruction of the Berlin Wall began and over the next few decades communism was renounced by all former Soviet states.

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Communism was never realised and could not exist

All of the historically “communist” states were never communist but socialist states, as socialism was seen as a necessary precursor to true communism. Most of these economic systems rejected capitalism but failed to establish a viable socialist economy in its place and almost all fell under the weight of wide-scale corruption. Today there are five states that are often linked to communism, but arguably two of them have embraced capitalism and none of them ever achieve a communist system.

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