Daniel Halliday
Feb 27 · Last update 11 days ago.
What are the underlying issues behind the conflict in Kashmir?
A suicide attack on the 14th Feb 2019 has prompted a further upsurge in violence and aggressive rhetoric between India and Pakistan. Tensions have grown as India’s openly plans to isolate Pakistan diplomatically, which quickly escalated to cross border fire, and then the disputed shooting down of two Indian Air Force jets, or possibly one Indian and one Pakistani Jet on 27th Feb 2019. What are the historical or underlying issues that cause continuing conflict over this region?
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Role of the media
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Historical authoritarian rule and failed colonial diplomacy
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Role of the media

Many of vast number of multilingual news networks in India are reporting completely different news about the same events often prompting aggressive discourse before politicians even have the time to react. Meanwhile fake posts on social media are promoting violence against those in India that are not seen as patriotic enough to support the harsh nationalist rhetoric many media organisations engage in, some going as far as directly calling for war with Pakistan. The media in India are pushing an increasingly extreme narrative of hateful nationalism to vie for viewership in a booming media industry; however this is simply provoking people and creating a frenzied response around these issues. youtube.com/watch?v=1v_vWmDaUEU aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2016/10/india-pakistan-media-fire-161009071925158.html

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Historical authoritarian rule and failed colonial diplomacy

The history of the Kashmir region undeniably laid the foundation for the struggle in the region today. With a rich history of Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic control gave rise to a distinct culture in Kashmir, but many oppressive empires eventually took control of the region, with the Afghan empire, and then Sikh empirical rule eventually giving way to the British East India Company. The British sold Kashmir to Hindu leader Raja Gulab Singh in the late 19th century and a system of slave labour, heavy taxation and state violence was established. Although there are numerous factors affecting the situation in Jammu and Kashmir it is clear the struggle for freedom, the lack of self-determination and violence against the indigenous people is an issue with a very long history.

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