Daniel Halliday
Jul 19 · Last update 3 mo. ago.
Which country has legitimate claims over the South China Sea?
With seven states claiming territory in the South China Sea, and many other states claiming it should be counted as international waters, which state/s have a fair claim?
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It should remain international waters, for the sake of biodiversity in the atolls, reefs and islands
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The US should ratify UNCLOS so that international community can behave amicably at sea
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China has historical rights over this area
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It should remain international waters, for the sake of biodiversity in the atolls, reefs and islands

China is reclaiming large amounts of land by dredging sand over coral reefs and then concreting it in place to build upon. China has so far carried out thousands of acres of land reclamation, despite having no legal basis of claim over any of these coral reefs. It is not just the destruction of habitats in question here, but also pollution and interruption of bird, fish and mammal migration routes, so this processes needs to be stopped.

Scientists such as Frank Muller-Karger, profession of biological oceanography at the University of South Florida, have criticised China’s actions in the South China Sea. He stated that construction on these islands and atolls can wash sediment back into the sea causing blooms which will smother aquatic life in the area. Furthermore heavy metals, oil and other chemical contaminants from both construction and shipping can damage these oases of biodiversity.

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Daniel Halliday
Oct 15
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DH edited this paragraph
China is reclaiming large amounts of land by dredging sand over coral reefs and then concreting it in place to build upon. China has so far carried out thousands of acres of land reclamation, despite having no legal basis of claim over any of these coral reefs. It is not just the destruction of habitats in question here, but also pollution and interruption of bird, fish and mammal migration routes, so this processes needs to be stopped.
The US should ratify UNCLOS so that international community can behave amicably at sea

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is the international agreement that deals with territorial claims at sea. It has been signed by the vast majority of countries in the world and the United States is one of the few that hasn’t. Signing this treaty would give the international community a stronger stance to challenge China’s unrealistic and aggressive claim to the entire South China Sea.

This belligerence is part of a larger bid for Chinese territorial grabs and should be looked upon equally as unfavourably. Hostility is a theme running through all of China’s border disputes both on land and at sea, as can be seen in the recent military border posturing with India. The areas china is claiming at sea however are rich in oil and natural gas deposits, which is the most probable reason why china intends to seek ownership over this territory. That coupled with trillions of dollars worth of shipping rights.

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Daniel Halliday
Oct 15
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DH edited this paragraph
This belligerence is part of a larger bid for Chinese territorial grabs and should be looked upon equally as unfavourably. Hostility is a theme running through all of China’s border disputes both on land and at sea, as can be seen in the recent military border posturing with India. The areas china is claiming at sea however are rich in oil and natural gas deposits, which is the most probable reason why china intends to seek ownership over this territory. That coupled with trillions of dollars worth of shipping rights.
China has historical rights over this area

It is first described in Chinese history and is recognised by name, internationally as the South China Sea by nearly all countries. The international laws that have been used to argue against China’s claims are not even signed by the US and China has many allies backing it on this issue. China has officially stated its openness to bilateral negotiations with all other claimants.

In August 2018 the first draft pact was proposed to minimise the escalation of disputes in this region at an ASEAN conference. Rather than getting involved in territorial claims, the talks intended to establish a code of conduct between claimant nations to stop escalations of violence. While this hasn’t addressed any countries territorial rights, a code of conduct may allow many countries to use China’s South Sea peacefully.

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Daniel Halliday
Aug 28
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DH edited this paragraph
In August 2018 the first draft pact was proposed to minimise the escalation of disputes in this region at an ASEAN conference. Rather than getting involved in territorial claims, the talks intended to establish a code of conduct between claimant nations to stop escalations of violence. While this hasn’t addressed any countries territorial rights, a code of conduct may allow many countries to use China’s South Sea peacefully.
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