Daniel Halliday
Nov 20 · Last update 5 mo. ago.
How can violence against women be reduced?
Despite the 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the 1993 UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, violence against women remains a common occurrence. What else can be done to reduce violence toward women?
Stats of Viewpoints
Women's shelters and refuges
1 agrees
0 disagrees
A change of law
1 agrees
0 disagrees
Address the problem and educate men and boys
1 agrees
0 disagrees
Teach women self-defence
1 agrees
0 disagrees
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Women's shelters and refuges

For many victims of domestic abuse justice or retribution is at the end of a long list of options they need to consider when trying to escape violent situations. The most realistic option you can give to victims of domestic abuse is a safe space and support to remove themselves from such situations before being ready or able to seek justice. Funding for shelters and charities to empower women and enable them to escape violence or at least give them options should be the initial change to end violence towards women.

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A change of law

Changes of law to put harsher punishments in place for violent criminals while comprehensively protecting women and girls from all forms of violence and abuse regardless of who the perpetrator is should be the first step in tackling violence against women. A report on international rape law published by the charity Equality Now found that there was a substantial legal gap in many countries, with marital rape even legal in some regions. Legal reforms, longer sentences and harsher punishment for violent criminals would act as a greater deterrent against such crimes as a proper legal framework allows victims to seek the justice they deserve.

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Address the problem and educate men and boys

Many international charities and organisations have tried to tackle this complex issue by addressing the cause and educating men and boys along side separate programmes for women. The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts runs the Voices Against Violence campaign, a curriculum intended to equip young people with the tools and knowledge to understand the source of violent behaviour and how they can access the right support to deal with it. Similarly the UN Women’s Partners for Prevention programme provides knowledge and technical support for women dealing with violence across Asia and the Pacific. The UN Women's scheme also monitors data on attitudes and perceptions around violence to women, raising awareness, mobilising communities and providing educational programs for men and boys also.

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Teach women self-defence

While it should not be completely up to women to literally fight for their human rights, educating women how to detect and effectively defend themselves in the case of violent attacks has been demonstrated to be a successful, although controversial, tool to reduce violence against women. According to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine a program that taught a self defence class to university students lead to a 50% reduction in reported rape on campus, when comparing women who underwent training and a control group who didn’t. The study lasted four years with a sample size of 900 women, and a self defence class consisting of a 12-hour program of only four sessions.

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