Daniel Halliday
Oct 20 · Last update 1 mo. ago.

Why are protests in Chilean so significant?

Since October 14th 2019 a civil protest movement has been underway in Chile, escalating from a campaign over train ticket prices started by secondary school students. But as a state of emergency has been declared and a curfew imposed, let’s consider why have protests escalated in Chile so quickly? Given the history of this South American country, why is a protest movement so significant?
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End of the Chilean Miracle
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A sign of the times that is extra significant in Chile
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First curfew since Pinochet
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End of the Chilean Miracle

These protests come following a long period of economic slowdown, meaning this may be the sign of an on-going deterioration for the country, which may result in further falls in the standard of living and further protests. The standard of living has continued to fall in Chile with lowered growth forecasts for the last few years and salaries being frozen for many years. The Chilean Miracle was a period of economic growth brought on by the liberalisation and privatisation of the Chilean economy, but the neo-liberal aims of Chile’s elite failed and while it decreased poverty in the country this fiscal strategy led to ever increasing inequality. This level of inequality survived a socialist president who increased the taxation of companies, causing foreign investment to fall, and now a right-wing billionaire is in power in Chile and the economic situation looks set to worsen. What’s more the $300 million estimated cost of damage form protests and the inept Trumpian style of President Piñera leave many Chileans without hope, the miracle replaced with prolonged misery for many Chileans.

thepolitic.org/protests-in-chile-a-miracle-lost macrotrends.net/countries/CHL/chile/poverty-rate news.yahoo.com/chile-government-declares-state-emergency-050125399.html reuters.com/article/us-chile-tax-reform/chile-passes-landmark-tax-reform-into-law-idUSKBN0H523Z20140911 youtube.com/watch?v=3fJsaw7ql_I

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Daniel Halliday
Mar 2
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A sign of the times that is extra significant in Chile

Protests are common in Chile, but what isn’t is the state of emergency in the country, as the students of the country have continued their uprising into 2020 even South America's economic success story is suffering under increasing levels of prolonged inequality. The handling of this current protest movement is not helping either, and represents the ramping up of how the government is responding to protests in an effort to place protecting private property above addressing the real concerns of students and young people. With education protests in 2011-2013, again in 2015 and now to address student’s unaffordable living expenses, the level of inequality in the country continues to increase as Chileans are increasingly infuriated, even to the point of burning down a power station in October 2019. This level of frustration could possibly be viewed as a uniquely Chilean phenomenon in isolation, but it is probably more indicative of the dissatisfaction seen in many of the protest movements around the world, even in some of the world's most economically successful regions such as Chile.

youtube.com/watch?v=0n0pobQ41mE cbsnews.com/news/santiago-chile-faces-state-of-emergency-declaration-as-violent-protests-continue-over-subway-fares-2019-10-19 edition.cnn.com/2019/10/19/americas/chile-protests-intl/index.html washingtonpost.com/world/2019/01/25/global-wave-protests-is-underway-anger-mounts-among-those-wholl-have-live-with-global-warming

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Daniel Halliday
Jan 13
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First curfew since Pinochet

In 1988 dictatorship came to an end in Chile, and over the last few decades democracy has help turn the country around. Under the dictatorship of Augustus Pinochet, Chile experienced some of the worst human rights abuses in South America, once the poorest country in the region, Chile went on to become the most successful model in South America. Following student protests over a public transport fare hike, demonstrations led to outbreaks of rioting and a declaration of a state of emergency was enforced with soldiers on the street and a curfew imposed in the country for the first time since 1987 during the decline of the Pinochet regime. This could have been a sign of a country taking a step back to the authoritarianism of the past had President Sebastian Pinera not announced a reversal of transport fare increases.

news.cgtn.com/news/2019-10-20/Chile-army-declares-curfew-president-reverses-fare-hikes-after-unrest-KWgYmOwUJq/index.html

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Daniel Halliday
Oct 21
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