Chechnya has a violent past, with a history of warring clans, Islamic extremist terrorism and fights for independence against the Russian central government. The country gained independence as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria following the First Chechen War, and then lost independence becoming the Chechen Republic, an autonomous region of the Russian federation, following the Second Chechen War. It was during this period that Vladimir Putin supported Chechen warlord Akhmad Kadyrov to help the Russian effort in Chechnya. Following Akhmad Kadyrov's assassination in a terror attack his son, Ramzan Kadyrov, eventually came to power, and as he did Chechen terrorists in other parts of Russia have disappeared, as have other Islamic extremist militants in the region. Kadyrov’s influence seems to be one of brutal stability.