Hitosu Nakamura
Oct 31 · Last update 3 mo. ago.

Why did brexit happen?

There is a gap between those who want to leave the UK and those who don’t. Brexit was originally due to happen on 29 March 2019, but this date was delayed twice. This is because Mrs May’s deal with EU was rejected by the parliament. Despite negotiating a revised deal, Prime Minister Boris Johnson will miss the latest deadline. That's because the EU has agreed to a further extension until 31 January. The latest extension came after MPs failed to pass the new Brexit deal into law.
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The Russian influence on Brexit
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Political failure - Too many lies for too long
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Austerity, poverty and disparity
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Nationalism
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Neoliberalism
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The economic failure of the EU
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No, we don’t have to leave the EU. The UK should remain in the EU.
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Yes, we need to leave the EU.
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The Russian influence on Brexit

Just as Russian parties were interfering in the US presidential election taking place in 2016, as was a campaign being launched to influence the outcome of the Brexit referendum according to reports by the US Senate and UK intelligence agencies. According to a 2018 US Senate report the UK is susceptible to Russian meddling on both social media and on account of the UK’s ambiguous campaign finance laws. Likewise a number of investigative journalists have raised questions over the sudden wealth of the pro-Brexit Leave Campaign, the opaque business practices of UK Independence Party sponsor Arron Banks, and numerous large campaign and personal contributions made by Russian businessmen to Conservative politicians. The conservative government has also recently blocked the publication of a dossier on Russian infiltration in British politics, compiled by the UK government’s intelligence and security committee, ahead of the next general election. Obviously the information held in the document is thought to be somehow influential to the election, and with previous questionable funding and links of the Conservative Prime Minister himself to Russian benefactors, this cover up indicates that the Conservative Party may have something to hide.

Arron Banks, Brexit and the Russia connection: theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/jun/16/arron-banks-nigel-farage-leave-brexit-russia-connection UK officials now think Russia may have interfered with the Brexit vote: businessinsider.com/labour-mp-ben-bradshaw-suspicious-russian-interference-brexit-2017-2 Russian bid to influence Brexit vote detailed in new US Senate report: theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/10/russian-influence-brexit-vote-detailed-us-senate-report PM accused of cover-up over report on Russian meddling in UK politics: theguardian.com/politics/2019/nov/04/no-10-blocks-russia-eu-referendum-report-until-after-election

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 28
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Political failure - Too many lies for too long

Tony Blair brought the Labour Party to the centre of the political spectrum and lied to commit war crimes in Iraq; the Conservative Party under David Cameron, in coalition with the Liberal Democrats, copied Blair’s tactics and then imposed austerity measures following the 2008 financial crisis. This left no real difference between the three biggest parties in the UK. It is under this political climate of no real choice for change that divisive and far-right figures emerged, such as Nigel Farage, whose exaggerated rhetoric would have been out of place in a normal healthy political landscape. Farage and the UK independence party instead threatened to hijack the Conservative Party's right wing voter base by actually offering some alternative opinion in scapegoating the EU for the country’s very home-grown issues, an opinion shared by many in the Conservative Party. Under this challenge to the Conservative Party David Cameron unleashed the Pandora Box of the Brexit referendum.

The vote for Britain to leave the EU was largely based upon a degradation in trust of the political classes, which, through further mishandling of the Brexit process, has led to the possible failure of a nation, a breakdown of democracy and a breakdown of trust in the democratic process. This pattern has occurred internationally however, as Europe, America, and Asia democracies have seen a trend toward political extremes, as voters have been betrayed, lied to and had their trust abused for so long that they have voted in protest or voted for the only true alternative, no matter how untrue the alternative may turn out to be. Brexit is now going ahead as it is being pushed by the same political class that are too spineless to admit their failings, not just regarding the Brexit referendum but all the lying, smearing and nationwide betrayal that led up to this point.

When political leaders are selected via elitism not talent, you get chaos: theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/28/political-leaders-elitism-eu-referedum Brexit breaking point caused by a failure to reflect on Britain’s history: reaction.life/brexit-breaking-point-caused-failure-reflect-britains-history HOW AUSTERITY, AND A COWARDLY RULING CLASS, BROUGHT ABOUT BREXIT: psmag.com/ideas/brexit-how-austerity-and-a-cowardly-ruling-class-brought-down-england 3 Reasons Brits Voted For Brexit - Political Elitism: forbes.com/sites/johnmauldin/2016/07/05/3-reasons-brits-voted-for-brexit/#e8fad651f9d6

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 26
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DH edited this paragraph
The vote for Britain to leave the EU was largely based upon a degradation in trust of the political classes, which, through further mishandling of the Brexit process, has led to the possible failure of a nation, a breakdown of democracy and a breakdown of trust in the democratic process. This pattern has occurred internationally however, as Europe, America, and Asia democracies have seen a trend toward political extremes, as voters have been betrayed, lied to and had their trust abused for so long that they have voted in protest or voted for the only true alternative, no matter how untrue the alternative may turn out to be. Brexit is now going ahead as it is being pushed by the same political class that are too spineless to admit their failings, not just regarding the Brexit referendum but all the lying, smearing and nationwide betrayal that led up to this point.

Austerity, poverty and disparity

Austerity, fear and an uninformed electorate ultimately informed the Brexit referendum in a massive way. There was a clear divide in the demographics of those that voted to leave the EU and those that didn’t, age, sex and class seems to have affected the vote, meaning older people, those from wealthier families, and men were more likely to vote to leave the EU in 2016 – according to a 2017 YouGov poll. The distinct divide in the vote will only reinforce inequality further as the poorest of society will be the most likely to suffer as a result of Brexit’s economic downturns. A decade of brutal austerity measures has steepened this divide and a generation of uninformed and disenfranchised voters have voted to worsen all these phenomenon in a desperate attempt to change the country’s path.

The suffering caused by austerity helped fuel Brexit – and will only get worse: theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/may/23/austerity-brexit-suffering-eu-anger Inequality, austerity, Brexit, and health care: bjgp.org/content/67/665/546 Professor Mark Blyth explains the real roots of Brexit & Trump: fabiusmaximus.com/2016/07/08/mark-blyth-roots-of-brexit-98159

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 26
Created

Nationalism

Across Europe a deep held fear of immigration has led to a surge in voting for populist parties and an embrace of nationalism. This became intertwined with the argument of preserving British sovereignty in the run up to the Brexit vote but this phenomenon is part of a far-reaching shift of mindset that can be recognized internationally. Revanchist nationalism, the idea of regaining territory following a war, was used to describe a contributing factor to Brexit by political scientist Robert Shrum, who argued this was behind the pro-Brexit Leave Campaign's argument for regaining sovereignty from the EU. But nationalism is a symptom of something, not a self-sustaining unexplainable phenomenon, but a reaction. A reaction to toxic American and European foreign policy across the Middle East and Africa that has led to one of the worst refugee crises in history, this has fed nationalism internationally and informed a large proportion of the vote to leave the European Union.

How modern nationalism led to Brexit: uscannenbergmedia.com/2019/04/04/how-modern-nationalism-led-to-brexit Brexit is being driven by English nationalism. And it will end in self-rule: theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/18/england-eu-referendum-brexit Brexit, Nationalism and the Damage Done: counterpunch.org/2017/03/20/brexit-nationalism-and-the-damage-done 3 Reasons Brits Voted For Brexit - Sovereignty: forbes.com/sites/johnmauldin/2016/07/05/3-reasons-brits-voted-for-brexit/#e8fad651f9d6

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 26
Created

Neoliberalism

Brexit was a protest vote against European elites and the British politics that undermined workers and the conditions of the working class for decades while getting richer off of the back of a Euro-globalist model. This remains the ultimate foundation of the vote to leave the European Union, whether the working class recognise this or are merely regurgitating the scapegoat rhetoric of "foreigners taking their jobs", narratives they have been endorsed by a political class that have lied them into worse and worse situations, now including Brexit itself. Brexit is built on the end result of Neoliberalism - an undermined working class that have seen there jobs be shipped to cheaper labour regions, while those that profit from this endlessly spout misinformation and point fingers everywhere else but at themselves, leading to alienation, anger, distrust and disparity.

Neoliberalism and Brexit: why Brexit is about more than just Brexit: counterfire.org/articles/analysis/20249-neoliberalism-and-brexit-why-brexit-is-about-more-than-just-brexit The insidious ideology pushing us towards a Brexit cliff-edge: theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/11/brexit-ultras-triumph-neoliberalism Professor Mark Blyth explains the real roots of Brexit & Trump: fabiusmaximus.com/2016/07/08/mark-blyth-roots-of-brexit-98159

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 26
Created

The economic failure of the EU

The Brexit vote transpired to a backdrop of the financial crisis, with the economic mistreatment of Greece and Spain still fresh in voters memories, a lingering 20% unemployment rate in southern Europe and a currency that was looking like a failure following the European debt crisis in 2011. Concern grew as people lost trust and began to resent paying so much towards the EU, when Britain was itself suffering under years of harsh austerity measures. This argument was somewhat hijacked then by the UK's anti-EU 'Leave Campaign', who lied about the scale of EU contributions which proved to be an effective disinformation strategy leading to a leave vote in the referendum. But the underlying concern remains a valid one. People are failing to see after years of prolonged austerity why millions have to be invested in a system that seems to be tethered to economic failure, and seems happy to impose further austerity measures on countries like Greece in order to rectify this fundamental problem, and no EU or UK politician was able to communicate the value of the European project to ordinary voters.

BREXIT DID NOT CAUSE BREXIT: firstthings.com/web-exclusives/2019/06/brexit-did-not-cause-brexit Brexit caused by underlying economic failures and disunity in EU: Analyst: presstv.com/Detail/2017/03/31/516170/Brexit-economic-failure-Shakespeare 3 Reasons Brits Voted For Brexit - Economics: forbes.com/sites/johnmauldin/2016/07/05/3-reasons-brits-voted-for-brexit/#e8fad651f9d6 The EU has not brought peace – it is steeped in failure and dangerously anti-democratic: theconversation.com/the-eu-has-not-brought-peace-it-is-steeped-in-failure-and-dangerously-anti-democratic-59115

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 26
Created

No, we don’t have to leave the EU. The UK should remain in the EU.

It would bring out deep chaos not only in the UK but also in the world, if Brexit happened. Firstly, the EU is a big group of countries which have similar economic aims and interests. The EU includes 500 million consumers which is representing 23% of global GDP. Leaving the EU would fail to keep this great economic opportunity. Obviously the EU can gain a big profit from non-tariff trade with the EU countries. Leaving means this economic flow would fall or stopped. Lastly there is a matter of border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. At the moment people in both countries can come over freely the countries, but if Brexit is happened, this calm situation would be affected. 

1からわかる「ブレグジット」 www3.nhk.or.jp/news/special/news_seminar/jiji/jiji10 Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887 98 Reasons To Stay In The EU: Benefits Of Membership For The UK smallbusinessprices.co.uk/remain-eu 12 questions about Brexit you were too embarrassed to ask vox.com/world/2019/4/10/18283027/brexit-news-uk-eu-questions

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Hitosu Nakamura
Nov 2
Approved
Hitoshi31 edited this paragraph
1からわかる「ブレグジット」 https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/special/news_seminar/jiji/jiji10/ Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887 98 Reasons To Stay In The EU: Benefits Of Membership For The UK https://smallbusinessprices.co.uk/remain-eu/ 12 questions about Brexit you were too embarrassed to ask https://www.vox.com/world/2019/4/10/18283027/brexit-news-uk-eu-questions

Yes, we need to leave the EU.

Yes, we need to leave the EU. In sum, Brexit supporters say it is necessary to leave the UK because they think the UK need to take initiatives to decide what they do and how they do without any other intervention. Though economists would worry about the outcome, there is no proof that we would fall into economic disruption. Also, the UK has spent a lot of money to be a member of the EU and it’s difficult to see what kinds of rewards has been given so far. It is better to spend that money on the UK as there are a lot of issues we have to fix. In addition, it is possible that the UK can gain much larger profit in trading with non-EU countries alone without dealing with the EU trading rules. Finally, in public opinion, there is skepticism about integration with other non-EU countries. Remaining within the EU could lead bigger influx of immigration from those countries and this could bring up some anxiety among the nation. 

1からわかる「ブレグジット」 www3.nhk.or.jp/news/special/news_seminar/jiji/jiji10 Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887 98 Reasons To Stay In The EU: Benefits Of Membership For The UK smallbusinessprices.co.uk/remain-eu 12 questions about Brexit you were too embarrassed to ask vox.com/world/2019/4/10/18283027/brexit-news-uk-eu-questions

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Hitosu Nakamura
Nov 2
Approved
Hitoshi31 edited this paragraph
1からわかる「ブレグジット」 https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/special/news_seminar/jiji/jiji10/ Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-32810887 98 Reasons To Stay In The EU: Benefits Of Membership For The UK https://smallbusinessprices.co.uk/remain-eu/ 12 questions about Brexit you were too embarrassed to ask https://www.vox.com/world/2019/4/10/18283027/brexit-news-uk-eu-questions
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