Daniel Halliday
Mar 31 · Last update 14 days ago.
What continues to strain Chinese-Indian relations?
Despite their close proximity the world’s two most populated and fastest growing countries share an often strained relationship. In 2017 these tensions led to a militarised border dispute in the Doklam plateau on the border of Bhutan. Why are Chinese-Indian relations so strained, why do these neighbours not get on?
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Series of territorial disputes
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Economic rivalry
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Series of territorial disputes

Relations between China and India have long been complex, India’s relationship with the Dalai Lama causing tensions regarding China’s annexation of Tibet, and China'a relations with India’s long term adversary Pakistan, but the core of Indian/Chinese tension remains border disputes. There still exist two main regions of disputed territory between the two countries, one in the Arunachal Pradesh northern border, site of the 1962 Sino-Indian War and the 2017 military standoff. The other lies in a dispute between China’s Xinjiang province and Jammu and Kashmir, a region also contested between Pakistan, India and Kasmiri nationalists, and itself part of the bigger issue of the ongoing Kashmir conflict.

dnaindia.com/india/report-ak-antony-admits-china-incursion-1592435 web.archive.org/web/20150710060101/http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB124578881101543463

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Economic rivalry

The underlying factor that prompts such tense relations between these two countries is fierce economic competition made more complex by the fact they are the world’s two most populous and fast growing countries. To add to this there is a long term growing trade imbalance which starkly benefits China and is often a subject of concern for India. Likewise India’s massive rate of growth is also a cause for concern to China, as experts expect India’s economy will soon outgrow China’s, possibly posing a challenge to China’s economic domination in the region. ndtv.com/india-news/india-china-trade-deficit-india-concerned-over-widening-trade-deficit-of-58-billion-with-china-2010402

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