Daniel Halliday
May 14 · Last update 10 days ago.

What was the long lasting significance of the Russo-Japanese War?

Imperialistic intentions led Russia to seek a permanent port in Manchuria, which fed fears of Russian encroachment of Japanese imperial interests in the Korean Peninsula. Fighting between these two powers only lasted from 1904-1905 but was largely significant in the run up to the First World War. What was the long term significance of this war?
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First proxy war of the 20th century
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Popularised international anti-colonialism and nationalism
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Rise of the Red Cross
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Set in motion the end of the Romanov dynasty
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Emergence of an Asian superpower
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World War Zero
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First industrialised bloodbath
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First proxy war of the 20th century

38% of Japanese war expenditure during the Russo-Japanese War was raised internationally, with a large amount of that donated by Jacob Schiff, an Jewish-American banker concerned about the treatment of Russian Jews after the Kishinev pogrom or anti-Jewish riot of 1903. Arguably this war may have started a tendency for the US to be involved in proxy warfare over a direct confrontation of their actual enemy, this was a clear example of how one man’s influence, and finances, could help topple a leading world power, without the heavy human cost of fighting one. In his book ‘My Enemy’s Enemy: Proxy Warfare in International Politics’ historian Geraint Hughes argues that proxy wars in the 20th century commonly began to take the form of states sponsoring non-state proxies, and this has helped lead to a modern phenomenon of near constant warfare. This transition may have stemmed from one American bankers effort to end Jewish persecution in Russia.

strangeside.com/russo-japanese-war-financed-by-jacob-schiff nytimes.com/2018/07/24/books/review/steven-zipperstein-pogrom.html bookdepository.com/My-Enemys-Enemy-Geraint-Hughes/9781845194499

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 11
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Popularised international anti-colonialism and nationalism

The Russo-Japanese War, as a victory for the underdog that led to the emergence of Japan as a superpower, popularised a push for anti-colonialist nationalism across Asia and Africa. While the military humiliation to Russia caused waves of nationalism and pan-Slavism that fed directly into the tensions leading to the First World War. Japan had used modern resources to defeat a European superpower and this was a direct influence on Chinese “Father of the Nation” Sun Yat-sen, who specifically referenced this Japanese victory in his famous speech on Pan-Asianism, itself influencing nationalist movements in Vietnam, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines. But this victory over Russia sowed the seeds of nationalism elsewhere proving a formative moment of inspiration for a young Jawaharlal Nehru, an Indian activist who struggled against colonialism and went on to become the first Prime Minister of India.

encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/russian-japanese-war quizlet.com/204736792/russo-japenese-war-feb-8-1904-sep-5-1905-flash-cards reddit.com/r/aznidentity/comments/5rrpbn/sun_yatsens_speech_on_panasianism thoughtco.com/jawaharlal-nehru-195492

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 11
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Rise of the Red Cross

Even though the international Red Cross movement was already established in the late 19th century it was during the Russo-Japanese War that the Japanese Red Cross society swelled to have million members, becoming the largest Red Cross society in the world at that time. The Japanese Red Cross were thought to have been instrumental in dealing with the massive losses in this new style of warfare, being unrestrained in their care for both Japanese and Russian soldiers. This gained positive news stories and had a positive effect of international views of Japan in the “West”, but it was the new unprecedented mobilisation by Red Cross Societies in both Japan and Russia that had the lasting effect, expanding the capacity of national aid societies to participate in future conflicts.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_Red_Cross_Society myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/gakyo-active-1904/the-humane-ambulance-corps-of-the-japanese-red-cross cseees.unc.edu/files/2016/01/Russian-Red-Cross-in-War-and-Revolution1.pdf

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 5
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Set in motion the end of the Romanov dynasty

Follow multiple surprise defeats to the Japanese the war quickly became an unexpected humiliation in Russian society, which led widespread discontent as inefficiencies in the tsarist regime in Russia were well and truly brought to light. This sentiment spurred on the Russian Revolution of 1905, to which Tsar Nicholas II reluctantly issued the October Manifesto to instigate political and social reforms. However these reforms were limited and ultimately the seeds of the 1917 Revolution that abolished the monarchy were established. This period of Russian history set in motion the changes that shaped the Russian state and dominated global politics until the present day.

mentalfloss.com/article/93418/wwi-centennial-end-romanov-dynasty alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/october-manifesto theromanovfamily.com/romanov-family-russo-japanese-war

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 5
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Emergence of an Asian superpower

Out of the brutality of the Russo-Japanese War came the surprise emergence of a new Asian superpower and with it a long lasting popular imperial racism: "Yellow Peril", that shaped relations with Japan and other Asian nations for years to come, as some saw Japans emergence as a challenge to western supremacy. This climate was also a turning point for national acrimony in Japan, which ultimately led to the annexation of Korea five years later, but in the short term saw riots over the lack of territorial and monetary gains negotiated at the wars end in spite of the great human cost the war. A new nationalist fortitude emerged also which was used by the Japanese government to re-establish a modern reimagining of Bushido or Yamato damashii (“chivalry” or “Japanese spirit”), which when coupled with a new found “great power” arrogance brought about a brutal colonial period that ultimately led to some of the most shocking tragedies of the 20th century.

historynet.com/russo-japanese-war-japans-first-big-surprise.htm nytimes.com/1905/09/03/archives/japans-present-crisis-and-her-constitution-the-mikados-ministers.html

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Daniel Halliday
Nov 5
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World War Zero

The Russo-Japanese War was particularly significant as it may have cause Japan's increased adoption of militarism and imperialism throughout the First and Second World Wars, and this conflict helped spark renewed tensions between these two countries during World War Two. Even though the nature of this being an example of “total war” is still questioned by historians, substantial economic support was given to this war effort from both sides, and large proportions of society were being mobilised as casualties were huge on both sides. These massive losses, the involvement of diverse nations internationally, and Japan’s over-reliance on infantry campaigns being seen as a precursor to the trench warfare of World War One, has left some scholars referring to the Russo-Japanese War as “World War Zero”.

militaryhistorynow.com/2015/06/14/world-war-zero-more-incredible-facts-about-the-russo-japanese-war

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Daniel Halliday
Jul 11
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First industrialised bloodbath

The great technological accomplishments that led these two nations to engage in imperial domination of China and Korea also contributed to a new industrial age of military technology, such a rapid-fire artillery and machine guns. This new era of industrial warfare was first played out on the battlefields of the Russo-Japanese War, and dealt heavy casualties to both sides like never before, both Russia and Japan experiencing around 40-50,000 losses in just 18 months. This new style of warfare has been described by historians as a precursor to the trench warfare of World War One and meant that powers really should have been more prepared for the level of human destruction unleashed later in the 20th century.

globalvoices.org/2018/03/26/photos-of-japanese-soldiers-in-the-trenches-during-the-russo-japanese-war-of-1904-1905

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Daniel Halliday
May 14
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