Saegusa Ichi
Nov 6 · Last update 15 days ago.

Why did US-Iran relations get so bad?

Under the agreement formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2015, Iran dismantled many of its nuclear programs. In exchange for relief from economic sanctions, international inspectors were given extensive access to the facility. In May 2018, the JCPOA covered only the Iranian nuclear program and not the ballistic missile program, so the Trump administration claimed that the agreement was temporary. President Trump left the Iran nuclear agreement in May 2018. In addition, the United States moved to clean up oil exports by imposing sanctions against Iran again. Iran not only accelerated its nuclear program, but also increased the risk of military conflict in the Persian Gulf due to the United States movement, which are the US’s withdrawal from the JCPOA and launching economic sanctions banning imports of Iranian crude oil. References cfr.org/backgrounder/what-status-iran-nuclear-agreement
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The deal prevents Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.
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The Iranian Revolution and subsequent tensions
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The deal prevents Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.

Former President Obama had a conference call with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on September, 2013. This was the first contact between the US and Iranian leaders after the Iranian Revolution. The JCPOA, which was signed in July 2015 and went into effect the following January resulted from that meeting, and imposed restrictions on Iran’s civilian nuclear enrichment program. In 2009, the Obama administration was established in a conflict between the United States and Iran. Obama recognized that the Middle East is the world's energy source, and that he wanted to bring stability to the Middle East as an important region. Obama began negotiations with Iran, and in 2015, an international agreement was reached between Iran and Western countries, Russia and China, called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Iran was to limit nuclear development significantly and, in return, the US lifted existing economic sanctions. Iran has adhered to the nuclear agreement, which the United States has admitted. The Iran nuclear agreement is said to be a major political legacy of former President Obama. Why did the Trump administration decide to leave JCPOA? The Trump administration claimed two. First, there is a time limit of 10 to 15 years for Iran's restrictions on nuclear development. After the deadline, Iran might develop nuclear weapons and there could be a crisis of arms race in the Middle East. Second, the nuclear agreement did not limit the development of ballistic missiles. And after this, Israel expressed its position to support the withdrawal of the US nuclear agreement. President Trump made Israel's security a top priority for the 2020 presidential midterm elections. As a result, it was said that there was an aim to appeal to the support layer of President Trump who is closer to Israel. References cfr.org/backgrounder/what-status-iran-nuclear-agreement washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/10/12/5-reasons-why-trump-hates-the-iran-deal nytimes.com/2019/09/04/magazine/iran-strike-israel-america.html

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Saegusa Ichi
Nov 6
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Former President Obama had a conference call with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on September, 2013. This was the first contact between the US and Iranian leaders after the Iranian Revolution. The JCPOA, which was signed in July 2015 and went into effect the following January resulted from that meeting, and imposed restrictions on Iran’s civilian nuclear enrichment program. In 2009, the Obama administration was established in a conflict between the United States and Iran. Obama recognized that the Middle East is the world's energy source, and that he wanted to bring stability to the Middle East as an important region. Obama began negotiations with Iran, and in 2015, an international agreement was reached between Iran and Western countries, Russia and China, called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Iran was to limit nuclear development significantly and, in return, the US lifted existing economic sanctions. Iran has adhered to the nuclear agreement, which the United States has admitted. The Iran nuclear agreement is said to be a major political legacy of former President Obama. Why did the Trump administration decide to leave JCPOA? The Trump administration claimed two. First, there is a time limit of 10 to 15 years for Iran's restrictions on nuclear development. After the deadline, Iran might develop nuclear weapons and there could be a crisis of arms race in the Middle East. Second, the nuclear agreement did not limit the development of ballistic missiles. And after this, Israel expressed its position to support the withdrawal of the US nuclear agreement. President Trump made Israel's security a top priority for the 2020 presidential midterm elections. As a result, it was said that there was an aim to appeal to the support layer of President Trump who is closer to Israel. References https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/what-status-iran-nuclear-agreement https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/10/12/5-reasons-why-trump-hates-the-iran-deal/ https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/04/magazine/iran-strike-israel-america.html

The Iranian Revolution and subsequent tensions

In May 2018, President Trump unilaterally withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement. Since then, the United States has imposed economic sanctions on Iran and countries that trade with it. In addition, the United States sends carrier attack groups and bombers to the Gulf. Oman Bay oil tankers exploded in May and June 2019, but the United States accused Iran. Iran has categorically denied responsibility for the ship attacks. The Iranian army shot down US drones in the Strait of Holmes on June 20. The United States said its flight range was on international waters, but Iran said it was on Iranian territory. Thus, the relationship between the United States and Iran has deteriorated. Tensions continue between the two countries that have great international influence. References bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-24316661

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and former National Security Advisor John Bolton were stiff. Since 2018, White House former National Security Advisor John Bolton has begun warning about the growing threat posed by Iran to US interests in the Middle East. The hard-liners in the Trump administration have emerged and play an important role in the military and security fields. Therefore, in addition to economic sanctions, they are also trying to apply military pressure. Nuclear aircraft carriers and bombers are deployed around Iran. An explosion later occurred that damaged oil tankers in Oman Bay. However, according to the New York Times, the US Pentagon's chief executives warned that military responses could result in spiral escalations that pose US military risks in the Middle East. On June 13, Iran's UN delegation issued a statement stating "decisively denying" its involvement in the attack. There is still no definitive evidence to reveal the offender who attacked the tanker. Thus, the criminal is currently “unknown”. References bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-48714414

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