Oct 20 · Last update 2 mo. ago.

What started The Troubles in Ireland?

The Troubles or the Northern Ireland Conflict was a state of irregular warfare that continued for three decades, mostly fought around the North of Ireland. However the historical background to The Troubles is incredibly long and complex, and despite officially ending in 1998, aggressions seem set to re-emerge due to mishandled Brexit negotiations. How did the history of Ireland shape The Troubles? And as one country on the island of Ireland looks set to leave the EU, how should this situation be addressed moving forward?
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Began and ended with British occupation
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Began and ended with British occupation

Open conflict during the Northern Irish Troubles began out of a protest movement by the Catholic minority to end discrimination, which was first repressed by the mainly Protestant government and police force, and from 1969 onwards from British troops deployed in Northern Ireland also. This became the British Army’s longest occupation, and incidents such as the 1972 Bloody Sunday massacre of unarmed protesters by British soldiers led to the formation of paramilitary groups and decades of warfare, segregation, protests and no-go areas. The Troubles ended with the termination of direct rule from London over Northern Ireland as part of the Good Friday agreement, a multiparty agreement between Northern Ireland and the UK, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and the UK and the Republic of Ireland. So the conflict began in the 1960s and ended in 1998, since which divided social identities have diluted somewhat but conflict is far from resolved, but the situation looks set to reignite following the loss of the backstop from Johnsons Brexit deal.

smore.com/0s9qj-the-troubles-an-ethnic-conflict thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-19/edition-1/shifting-patterns-social-identity-northern-ireland scotsman.com/news/opinion/brian-wilson-brexit-may-reignite-the-troubles-1-4810881

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