During the war Spain was divided not just down social lines but also ideological ones, as Falangists, monarchists, conservatives and Catholics united under General Francisco Franco, with Republicans, socialists, communists, anarchists uniting to defend the Second Spanish Republic. However these ideologies were not strictly or geographically constrained as the war became a struggle between religion and secularism, dictatorship and democracy and revolution and counterrevolution. Conflicting ideologies formed the foundation of this war, and the revolution was no exception as it is thought to have fizzled out through in fighting and reverted back to pre-war conditions following the cutting off of soviet aid. Although nationalism or the pseudo-Fascism of General Franco prevailed in the Spanish Civil War, studies have shown that political violence has a politically engaging effect on later generations and relatives of war survivors. Arguably this effect may explain the currently situation in Spain, as regional ideologies and differences may have remained due to surviving the political violence of the period, fore example these differences possibly continue to inform the Catalan identity and independence movement.