Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), or “National Volunteer Organisation”, is a family of volunteer organisations in India that are right wing, Hindu nationalist and paramilitary in nature. Founded in 1925 by Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar RSS was set up to uphold the values of mainstream Hindu culture and strengthen the Hindu community, organisations of RSS have since founded several schools, charities, and affiliated clubs to spread their ideological beliefs throughout India. Proponents claim that the group is interested in the protection of India’s rich cultural heritage, however the involvement of some of its members in riots and religious violence, has led critics to accuse the organisation of being extremists. The fact that the organisation has been banned numerous times in India’s history make its story even more complicated. Who really are the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, what is the history of the organisation, and what effect are they having on modern Indian society?