In weeks prior to the recent Turkish casualties President Erdogan threatened to launch a full scale military attack against the Syrian Army if the government forces failed to meet his ultimatum and retreat from the Idlib region occupied by Turkish forces, and this was not the first threat of this kind. While the leaders of the two countries may openly claim to want peace or a de-escalation of recent tensions, on the ground people are suffering in Northern Syria, suffering from a bombardment on both sides. If this is not yet an official war between the two countries it is already a war on the people of this region, and that is being waged by the Syrian Government and Turkey. Turkey has also expressed its intention to remove Syrian refugees from its borders, a clear intention to further intensify the suffering of Syrians. If you view the Syrian Civil War as the proxy war it really is then, just like Russia, Turkey is already involved through years of support of various National Front of Liberation groups, themselves connected to al-Nusra/al-Qaeda, forces that the Syrian Government is fighting directly.