A large contributing factor to the problems in Venezuela is the ongoing government actions designed to manipulate and bypass democracy. Nicholas Máduro’s government are essentially making any progress or social change impossible by forgoing human rights, imprisoning opposition leaders and manipulating votes, progressively making the situation in Venezuela only worse. This has lead recently to the Lima Group (a trans-American multinational body working towards the end of the crisis in Venezuela) rejecting the Máduro government and requesting them to step down and hand power to the opposition.
The country is in desperate need of a political and economic reformer, one that can also get the army and cartels behind them, an unfortunate fact of the violent political landscape in Venezuela. However, it remains unclear if the US backed Juan Guaidó could be such a candidate, being a fairly unknown US-friendly politician would undoubtedly cause suspicion with Chavistas in the country. Imprisoned ex-opposition leader Leopold Lopez may have been a better candidate being both well known and a supporter of grass-roots education and employment policies. However with the Máduro government maintaining such a tight grip on power the lack of democracy in Venezuela acts as a sort of ‘glue’, holding all of the negative policies together and helping perpetuate the terrible situation in this country.