Daniel Halliday
Dec 6 · Last update 1 mo. ago.
How can international neutrality be encouraged?
Arguably, encouraging international neutrality, with more countries having legal obligations to employ preventative diplomacy, remaining impartial and abstaining from partaking in warfare, could be a large step in the direction of world peace. How can governments, groups or even individuals advocate neutrality in an attempt to decrease conflict and promote peace in the world? un.org/en/events/neutralityday
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Look to the example of other small neutral states
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Neutrality through technology
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Neutrality doesn’t mean peace necessarily
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The Non-Aligned Movement
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More effective multinational organisations for peace
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Look to the example of other small neutral states

There are very few states in the world that value neutrality, with Switzerland, Singapore, Costa Rica, Ireland, Austria, Finland, Sweden, and Turkmenistan making up the majority of clearly neutral countries. Arguably neutrality goes hand in hand with a desire to not seek involvement in conflict and war, and with many neutral states still maintaining a peacekeeping force the argument that neutral states would stand by and watch humanitarian disasters becomes a week one. As with the case of Switzerland more declarations need to be signed to allot neutrality to strategically placed countries to offer impartial safe havens and helping to prevent further escalations of inter-state tensions.

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Neutrality through technology

Neutrality is a difficult state to accomplish on an individual level, let alone true neutrality of an organisation, group, or state. If we seek greater neutrality in the world we should not be looking toward a human solution but rather the aid of technology. If technological solutions such as blockchain can eventually help all contracts, votes and policies be completely open and transparent, a truly neutral opinion be easier to ascertain. Likewise other solutions such as AI may be able to provide deeper insights and better neutral solution to world problems; technology could promote more political “win-win” situations.

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Neutrality doesn’t mean peace necessarily

The idea that neutrality automatically leads to peace is neither proven nor true in all circumstances. In fact neutrality could lead to prolonged suffering and make the scale of humanitarian issues, political disasters and wars that require outside mediation much worse, as there will be less people standing up for the rights of persecuted minorities or people without the economic or political authority to protect themselves. At its worst state neutrality could just breed isolation and possibly lead to an increase in humanitarian disaster, crimes against humanity and genocide.

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The Non-Aligned Movement

In an age where countries were transitioning from colonialism and getting deeper embroiled in the Cold War a group of countries started the Non-Aligned Movement in an effort to not side with either the US or USSR. The movement began with an agreement between Yogoslavia and India in 1961 and is an effort to defend the independence and sovereignty of nations while fighting colonialism, occupation and foreign aggression against non-aligned member states. The movement has continued to carry out summits and the focus has shifted to the economic exploitation of marginalised countries, but remains a strong force in enabling and encouraging nations to embrace neutrality.

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More effective multinational organisations for peace

Neutrality is an important component of passing fair judgement or facilitating unbiased diplomacy. In this regard organisations such as the UN and the ICC are meant to fill this role in international relations, and prosecuting international crimes against humanity, however arguably due to structural limitations neutrality is not truly realised here. More effective or effectively structured neutral multinational organisations could possibly help bring about greater neutrality in international relations and greater peace along with this, but difficult changes from the current climate would be imperative.

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