Daniel Halliday
Feb 24 · Last update 12 days ago.
Why did the US occupy Nicaragua from 1909 until 1930?
In the early 20th century the United States occupied Nicaragua for 21 years, what was the US’ justification and/or real reason behind this, and what has it led to?
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As part of the Banana Wars
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To protect US interests in the failed Nicaragua Canal
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As part of the Banana Wars

The US occupied Nicaragua as it was perceived to be a destabilising influence in the region; however this was just part of a pattern of US interference in the Caribbean, Central America and beyond in what has been come to know as the "Banana Wars". The reason for these conflicts has often been put down to the US establishing itself as an international policing force to help reconcile warring, lawless or corrupted states, however this period led to the US domination of trade in the region and the beginning of US economic empiricism. This period laid the foundation for the US’ international economic colonial activities and global interventionism that defined the Cold War and continues internationally to the present day.

allthatsinteresting.com/banana-wars

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To protect US interests in the failed Nicaragua Canal

From 1909 the US began to support a conservative rebellion against the Nicaraguan president José Santos Zelaya following differences over the planned construction of a canal through Nicaragua linking the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. After Zelaya’s heavy handed execution of five hundred revolutionaries and two United States citizens the US sent warships to Nicaragua prompting Zelaya to abdicate. Following further instability United States marines occupied the country in 1912, leading to the signing of the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty, giving control over the planned canal to the United States. Overall this occupation amounted to a pointless invention for a failed construction project, and proved to be a destabilising force in the country, leading to long periods of repeated military dictatorships.

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