In little over five decades Mauritius gone from a being low-income country to having a high-income diversified economy, despite not possessing any natural resources and having a history of colonialist slavery and indentured servitude. Today Mauritius has an economy based on tourism, textiles, sugar, and financial services, with the second highest GDP per capita in Africa it is recognised as one of the most developed economies in the African region; competitive, investment friendly, enjoying good governance and a free economy. As a result Mauritius has ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index, ranked the most peaceful African country by the 2019 Global Peace Index, and is ranked 13th worldwide on the World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index. This economic boom in Mauritius has been dubbed the "Mauritian Miracle" for the relatively short period of such high economic and social development.
But what effect has the Mauritian Miracle had on the island, and what are the wider implications for the continent of Africa?