Since 2014 the Chinese government has been processing the ethnic Uighurs of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region through opaque “re-education centres”. The majority of international observers are describing this as the biggest mass detention of an ethnic minority since the Holocaust, and many organisations, activists and governments are calling genocide. The Chinese government maintains that these vocational training centres are an effort to fight religious extremist terrorism and to alleviate poverty in Xinjiang; riots, bombings, and knife attacks have been carried out by Uighur separatists of the Turkistan Islamic Party numerous times over the last decade, the UN recognises the Turkistan Islamic Party as a terrorist organisation. However a series of allegations from former detainees living abroad have raised concerns about torture, rape, forced labour, forced marriage, sterilisation and even medical experimentation and organ harvesting in Xinjiang, while academic studies have asserted that Chinese policy is one of cultural eradication. There have also been a number of dissenting views in the media on this issue, with some journalists pushing back against this narrative and questioning the evidence presented to support the claims of genocide.
Is China committing genocide in Xinjiang?
Where is the evidence?