D H
Aug 15 · Last update 1 mo. ago.

Who is responsible for the 1965 PKI killings in Indonesia?

The 1965 Tragedy, or Indonesian Communist Purge, was a period of nationwide unrest and mass murder in which the Indonesian army and vigilantes killed Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) members and their sympathisers, Gerwani women, ethnic Javanese Abangan, ethnic Chinese and alleged leftists. It is considered one of the worst mass murders of the 20th century. This period of upheaval laid the foundation for the Suharto dictatorship that continued for three decades, and has a long lasting legacy in Indonesia whereby the stigma of a perceived communist threat lingers until the present. The events of this mass murder are deeply controversial, being commonly censored from the country’s history altogether. However there is still much debate over this period of intensely violent political and social upheaval, with some of the main accounts of the tragedy being from international intelligence, who have themselves been blamed for the incident. The lingering question of who actually carries responsibility for this tragedy is somewhat open ended, so who is responsible for the 1965 PKI killings in Indonesia?
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US through support to Suharto
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US through support to Suharto

Since this tragic massacre the CIA’s own documents and interviews from the time have demonstrated that not only were the CIA and the US involved in documenting the events without intervention, but they supported army commanders and actually urged them to seize the opportunity to carry out the purge and establish a military dictatorship. CIA support to anti-Surkano rebels went back to the 1950s when Surkano failed to contain worker and peasant strikes than threatened Dutch, American and British banks, companies and plantations. The US continued training the Indonesian Army even after cutting aid to Sukarno’s regime, and US military presence was at its highest during 1965 when the relatively unknown General Suharto, who led the massacre and coup d’état that followed, enjoyed full open support from the US government.

According to Marshall Green, American ambassador to Indonesia, Washington was “generally sympathetic with and admiring” of Suharto's actions, expressing concerns at the time that “the army might not do enough to annihilate the PKI” [1]. The US embassy under Marshall Green continued to supply radio equipment and small arms to Suharto’s forces throughout the massacre. Embassy officials even went so far as to supply a list of thousands of names of PKI members while the army carried out this campaign of terror against Indonesian civilians. American accountability for the PKI massacre needs greater recognition as by their own accounts they there fundamentally linked to the massacre at all stages.

wsws.org/en/articles/1999/07/indo1-j19.html [1] tribunal1965.org/en/the-1965-mass-killings-in-indonesia-cia-blames-the-victims-for-being-murdered bbc.com/news/world-asia-41651047

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D H
Aug 20
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DH edited this paragraph
According to Marshall Green, American ambassador to Indonesia, Washington was “generally sympathetic with and admiring” of Suharto's actions, expressing concerns at the time that “the army might not do enough to annihilate the PKI” [1]. The US embassy under Marshall Green continued to supply radio equipment and small arms to Suharto’s forces throughout the massacre. Embassy officials even went so far as to supply a list of thousands of names of PKI members while the army carried out this campaign of terror against Indonesian civilians. American accountability for the PKI massacre needs greater recognition as by their own accounts they there fundamentally linked to the massacre at all stages.
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