Mar 16 · Last update 7 mo. ago.

What can we learn from the Bay of Pigs Invasion?

The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed infiltration of Cuba in 1961 by CIA/US backed Cuban exiles with the counterrevolutionary aim of overthrowing the government of Fidel Castro. This counterrevolutionary unit, known as Brigade 2506, was funded by the CIA, and backed by the US government and military, the operation being planned under Eisenhower and approved under Kennedy, and ultimately failed as Kennedy withheld air support when the operations secrecy waned and the international community learned of the operation. Local militia soon overwhelmed the Cuban exiles after landing in Cuba and the vast majority of them were captured in this massive foreign policy failure. Aside from its failure, what can we learn from the Bay of Pigs Invasion? What was the significance of this failed invasion? What has been the wider legacy of this moment in US-Cuban relations?
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An example of groupthink
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An example of groupthink

Several reports and analysis have taken place in regards to the Bay of Pigs Invasion starting in 1961 with the Cuba Study Group report and a classified report carried out by Lyman Kirkpatrick, CIA Inspector-General, titled "Survey of the Cuban Operation". While the Cuba Study Group was accused of trying to distance the Kennedy administration from culpability, the Kirkpatrick report, declassified in 1998, outlined nine points of failure that led to the event being such a catastrophic failure. However Psychologist Irving Lester Janis carried out the most influential analysis of the failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion, his study centred on the “groupthink” psychological phenomenon, and held that inadequate communication and the assumption of agreement led to much of the failure outlined by Kirkpatrick. Janis applied the same analysis to the Vietnam War, Pearl Harbour, and the Korea War, and highlighted groupthink characteristics in the decision making process behind these conflicts, with harmony taking precedence over decision making the result was always dysfunction and failure.

pdfs.semanticscholar.org/aea2/2b1d20013932e7fdc7567b39e3652b912078.pdf archive.org/details/groupthinkpsycho00jani latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2004-jul-10-na-groupthink10-story.html

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