Daniel Halliday
Feb 22 · Last update 20 days ago.
What is the most exciting upcoming medical breakthrough?
2019 seems like it may be an exciting year for science and medical breakthroughs. Some of the worst diseases, conditions and health problems seem on a tipping point of solving. What are some of the most exciting scientific discoveries and breakthroughs we are on the verge of understanding?
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Melting Cancer
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The use of CRISPR/Gene therapy breakthroughs
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The discovery of the cause of Alzheimer’s
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Melting Cancer

Cancer remains one of the most prevalent causes of death and is complex to treat, due to having a range of underlying causes and attacking various parts of the human body in different ways. However researchers from the University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy in Bulgaria have demonstrated that magnetically charged nanoparticles activated through alternating magnetic field close to tumour cells can cause cellular hyperthermia, essentially melting and destroying cancer cells. However this technique is currently being tested on mice and human tissue samples, so it is unlikely to help in the fight against cancer in 2019, but a possible promising future procedure.

phys.org/news/2019-04-magnetic-nanoparticles-cancer-cells.html

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The use of CRISPR/Gene therapy breakthroughs

Since the early 2000s research in gene therapy, the transplanting of genetic material into a patient to treat a disease or disorder, has led to the discovery of some exciting, accurate and cost-effective tools that have been taken from naturally occurring gene editing enzymes found in bacteria. The CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) gene editing system has been controversially used to edit two human embryos in 2018 by Jiankui He, and policy regulations remain a matter of contention. However considering that research is under way in modifying mosquitoes so that they cannot transmit diseases such as malaria, and editing yeast to produce biofuel, this technology may be the foundation of many of the most exciting breakthroughs of 2019. sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/03/190315095808.htm ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/genomicresearch/genomeediting

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The discovery of the cause of Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic neuro-degenerative disease that is the cause behind the majority of senile dementia, a disease that affects the patient's ability to remember, think and many other issues. With a strong genetic link previously thought to be the underlying cause for the majority of Alzheimer’s patients, a recent small study has indicated a strong link between long term gum disease and Alzheimer’s, finding gingivitis bacteria present only in the brains of those with Alzheimer’s. It’s thought that the bacteria move first into the blood stream and then into the brain across the blood-brain barrier, causing a series of event that leads to Alzheimer’s; there is at least an association, and at most there is a clear link.

medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=174327

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