You cannot understand Ghana’s independence movement without mentioning the story of one man, Dr Kwame Nkrumah. Educated in the United States, following World War II Nkrumah played a pivotal role in the Fifth Pan-African Congress in England, widely considered to be the focal point of international independence movements of the next decade. Nkrumah returned to the Gold Coast and spent years in prison due to his organising of the United Gold Coast Convention and pushing for independence, he went on to form the Convention Peoples Party in 1949, which won an election in 1951 and freed Nkrumah from prison. Following the establishment and then independence of Ghana, Nkrumah was made president, declaring Ghana's independence was meaningless without total liberation of the continent, something that became central to his foreign policy and inspiration across Africa. Nkrumah was ousted by the National Liberation Council in 1966 and the country was run as a military dictatorship, redirecting money from Nkrumah's agriculture and industrialisation projects and toward the military, effectively undoing the much of the progress made in Ghana’s struggle for independence.