Daniel Halliday
Oct 9 · Last update 12 days ago.
What can we learn from the Second Congo War?
The Great African War is known as the bloodiest war since the World War Two. Unresolved regional conflicts have continued in the Democratic Republic of the Congo until present. What can we learn from this continuing humanitarian disaster?
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Ethnic tensions call for drastic solutions
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The danger of a proxy war descending into uncontrollable violence
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Ethnic tensions call for drastic solutions

This war was all part of bigger range of conflicts affecting this region, mainly centred around Tutsi and Hutu violence and the spiralling out of control of ethic tensions. Rwanda is a good comparison as it is a neighbouring state, deeply involved in this conflict, and home of the Tutsi Genocide which was one Rwanda’s main reasons for invading Eastern Congo. Since this time, although the situation in the DRC has remained complicated, Rwanda has had an major down turn in corruption and violence, and massive economic growth under the authoritarian leadership of Paul Kagame. Although a hard lesson to take from such a situation the argument still stands that in areas of deep ethnic divides authoritarian leadership may be the only solution.

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The danger of a proxy war descending into uncontrollable violence

Although this war started because of president Laurent Désiré-Kabila's sudden break of ties with Rwanda, leading to a Rwandan invasion to end Tutsi persecution in Eastern Congo, it quickly became more complicated. Through the backing of various opposing rebel groups by the Kabila government and both Rwanda and Uganda, and the backing of the Kabila government by Angola, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Sudan, Chad and Libya, the situation quickly descended into that of a proxy war. Taking lessons from this conflict should start with ending proxy warfare and making the financial support or supply of arms to a country in conflict, especially that of a civil war, heavily restricted by a unified multinational organisation such as the UN. Making proxy wars less easy to extend and profit from would go a long way to minimising such long standing, complex and bloody conflicts.

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