Daniel Halliday
Oct 22 · Last update 12 days ago.
What was the greatest success of the UN to date?
The United Nations is an organisation tasked with preserving international order since the end of the Second World War. What has been the greatest achievement of the UN during this time?
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Protecting world heritage sites
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Laying the foundation for nuclear disarmament
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Famine intervention
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Prosecution of war criminals
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Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
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Protecting world heritage sites

In an effort to maintain peace and security the United Nations formed an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in 1946. One of the many roles tasked to this organisation was the safe guarding of World Heritage sites. UNESCO currently lists and sustains international cooperation agreements to secure 1092 cultural and natural heritage sites in 167 countries around the world, making it one of the furthest reaching international agreements in the world.

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Laying the foundation for nuclear disarmament

Starting with the sponsoring of negotiations for the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1965, the UN has been a big force in nuclear disarmament internationally. United Nations combined with multilateral international pressure also lead to the abandonment of nuclear weapons research in nations throughout the next three decades. As of 2017 the UN has begun international negotiations and established the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, with the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons entirely.

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Famine intervention

The United Nations has established the world's largest food security organisation in an attempt to address famine and the poverty-related world hunger issues. The World Food Programme provides 80 million people with help to obtain enough food to sustain themselves or their families. Likewise the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations serves as a neutral forum where states can meet to negotiate and debate world food policy fairly.

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Prosecution of war criminals

Following the Second World War international consensus denounced crimes against humanity following the findings of the 1945 Nuremberg Trials and the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal in 1946, and lead to the first prosecutions for war crimes. The UN has since, through numerous negotiations, talks, statements and direct peacekeeping missions, been an organisation dedicated to tackling war crimes. This has resulted in the establishment of the Rome Statute in 1998, and the subsequent trials of prominent war criminals such as Slobodan Milošević in 2002 and Charles Taylor in 2006.

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Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

According to Kofi Annan the Montreal Protocol, a treaty to protect the ozone layer, is “perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date”. Undoubtedly this treaty would not have been as successful if it was not for the effort of the United Nations Multilateral Fund for its implementation in developing countries that would have otherwise been unlikely to address this important global environmental issue. The fund and the protocol have both undeniably helped with the early replenishment of the hole in the ozone layer.

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