Daniel Halliday
Oct 22 · Last update 2 mo. ago.
What was the greatest success of the UN to date?
The United Nations is an organisation tasked with preserving international order since the end of the Second World War. What has been the greatest achievement of the UN during this time?
Stats of Viewpoints
Raising awareness around unseen social issues
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Reproductive health, population management and the fight against HIV
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Protecting children
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Protecting world heritage sites
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Laying the foundation for nuclear disarmament
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Famine intervention
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Prosecution of war criminals
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
0 agrees
0 disagrees
Viewpoints
Add New Viewpoint
Raising awareness around unseen social issues

One of the most important functions of the United Nations is their publicising of unnoticed suffering around the world, for example disease epidemics, cases of modern slavery and use of child soldiers, have all been brought to wider attention thanks to the UN. The UN does this by providing its own independent reports and investigations, utilising specialists in their field to try and help shed light on unclear situations that might affect peoples rights or cause suffering, this helps raise awareness and money accordingly to help tackle these issues. This is doubly important as it also keeps the world engaged and the global narrative not fixated on insular issues but focused on sustainability, denuclearisation, democracy, diplomacy, climate change, decolonisation, poverty, equality, health, human rights, security and peace.

Agree
Disagree
Reproductive health, population management and the fight against HIV

Although is maybe not the area of widest recognition, the importance of the UN’s work surrounding population activities will likely become more recognised over time, but is already responsible for a massive drop in infant and maternal mortality in over a hundred countries around the world. With the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) the UN aims to strive for “a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled”. This monumental task is achieved through reproductive health advocacy, fighting sexually transmitted disease and statistical trend mapping through work with UN’s Commission on Population and Development and the Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Agree
Disagree
Protecting children

The United Nations was formed following the Second World War, and the organisation had the problem of dealing with the fallout of the war and especially the number of starving and injured children affected by it. The UN tackled with the establishment of UNICEF (originally the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) which was continued and became part of the permanent architecture of the United Nations to address all humanitarian issues affecting children in the world. UNICEF went on to gain a multi-billion dollar budget, contributed by governments and private donors, and has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the agency’s huge humanitarian effort.

Agree
Disagree
Protecting world heritage sites

In an effort to maintain peace and security the United Nations formed an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in 1946. One of the many roles tasked to this organisation was the safe guarding of World Heritage sites. UNESCO currently lists and sustains international cooperation agreements to secure 1092 cultural and natural heritage sites in 167 countries around the world, making it one of the furthest reaching international agreements in the world.

The United Nations, through the International Criminal Court, has in recent years begun attempting to prosecute for destruction of cultural monuments as a war crime. Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi, leader of a Tuareg militia, stands accused of demolishing part of a UNESCO world heritage site in Timbuktu, Mali in 2012. Due to the many instances of cultural desecration in recent history this case is significant, as it means that the UN’s powers are not limited to promoting maintenance of these sites, but also act as a deterrent and protect culture heritage from becoming another casualty of war. theguardian.com/law/2016/feb/28/iccs-first-cultural-destruction-trial-to-open-in-the-hague

Agree
Disagree
Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Feb 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
The United Nations, through the International Criminal Court, has in recent years begun attempting to prosecute for destruction of cultural monuments as a war crime. Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi, leader of a Tuareg militia, stands accused of demolishing part of a UNESCO world heritage site in Timbuktu, Mali in 2012. Due to the many instances of cultural desecration in recent history this case is significant, as it means that the UN’s powers are not limited to promoting maintenance of these sites, but also act as a deterrent and protect culture heritage from becoming another casualty of war. https://www.theguardian.com/law/2016/feb/28/iccs-first-cultural-destruction-trial-to-open-in-the-hague
Laying the foundation for nuclear disarmament

Starting with the sponsoring of negotiations for the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1965, the UN has been a major force in nuclear disarmament internationally. Throughout the next three decades the United Nations, in combination with multilateral international pressure, helped lead to the abandonment of nuclear weapons research in various nations. As of 2017 the UN has begun international negotiations and established the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, with the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons entirely.

The UN has taken measures to actively fight nuclear armament in the world such as the 1977 arms embargo against South Africa, requiring all states to abstain from supporting or cooperating with South Africa's nuclear weapon project. This lead to the country dismantling their entired stockpile in 1989, and although they remain one of the few states to be nuclear capable and give up nuclear weapons, along with some former soviet states, many states have also discontinued nuclear armament plans in the following decades. This continued effort to fight the escalating problem of nuclear weapon manufacture has not only discouraged development of weapons but also the stockpiling of nuclear weapons with even the largest nuclear powers massively reducing their arsenals over time. icanw.org/campaign-news/new-un-working-group-to-discuss-elements-for-a-treaty-banning-nuclear-weapons globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/rsa/nuke.htm

Agree
Disagree
Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Feb 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
Starting with the sponsoring of negotiations for the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in 1965, the UN has been a major force in nuclear disarmament internationally. Throughout the next three decades the United Nations, in combination with multilateral international pressure, helped lead to the abandonment of nuclear weapons research in various nations. As of 2017 the UN has begun international negotiations and established the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, with the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons entirely.
Famine intervention

The United Nations has established the world's largest food security organisation in an attempt to address famine and the poverty-related world hunger issues. The World Food Programme provides 80 million people with help to obtain enough food to sustain themselves or their families. Likewise the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations serves as a neutral forum where states can meet to negotiate and debate world food policy fairly.

The World Food Program was established in 1961 by the Food and Agriculture Organisation, and was already assigned permanent project status by 1965. With the initial aim to eradicated hunger and malnutrition the ambitious goal was placed to reach a world with zero hunger by 2030. But the World Food Program has gone beyond that in subsequent years, using its multi-billion dollar donations to address child mortality, maternal health and fighting diseases such as HIV and AIDS also. wfp.org/about wfp.org/funding/year/2016

Agree
Disagree
Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Feb 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
The World Food Program was established in 1961 by the Food and Agriculture Organisation, and was already assigned permanent project status by 1965. With the initial aim to eradicated hunger and malnutrition the ambitious goal was placed to reach a world with zero hunger by 2030. But the World Food Program has gone beyond that in subsequent years, using its multi-billion dollar donations to address child mortality, maternal health and fighting diseases such as HIV and AIDS also. http://www.wfp.org/about https://www.wfp.org/funding/year/2016
Prosecution of war criminals

Starting with The Hague Conventions of the early 20th Century a move to define war crimes entered into international law. After the Second World War international consensus denounced crimes against humanity following the findings of the 1945 Nuremberg Trials and the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal in 1946, and lead to the first prosecutions for war crimes. It was out of this growing enthusiasm toward pacifism, humanitarianism and justice for war crimes that the United Nations was formed in the same year.

The UN has since, through numerous negotiations, talks, statements and direct peacekeeping missions, been an organisation dedicated to tackling war crimes. This has resulted in the establishment of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998, and the International Criminal beginning proceedings four years later. This subsequently led to the trials of prominent war criminals such as Slobodan Milošević in 2002 and Charles Taylor in 2006. icc-cpi.int/about hrw.org/news/2002/02/11/milosevic-and-icc

Agree
Disagree
Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Feb 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
The UN has since, through numerous negotiations, talks, statements and direct peacekeeping missions, been an organisation dedicated to tackling war crimes. This has resulted in the establishment of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998, and the International Criminal beginning proceedings four years later. This subsequently led to the trials of prominent war criminals such as Slobodan Milošević in 2002 and Charles Taylor in 2006. https://www.icc-cpi.int/about https://www.hrw.org/news/2002/02/11/milosevic-and-icc
Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

According to former Secretary General Kofi Annan the Montreal Protocol, a treaty to protect the ozone layer, is “perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date” [1]. Undoubtedly this treaty would not have been as successful if it were not for the effort of the United Nations Multilateral Fund for its implementation in developing countries that would have otherwise been unlikely to address this important global environmental issue. The fund and the protocol have both undeniably helped with the early replenishment of the hole in the ozone layer.

Four implementing agencies came together to oversee the massive contractual agreements concerning the Montreal Protocol, the United Nation’s Environment Programme (UNEP), Development Program (UNDP), Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) and the World Bank. They supervised the replenishment of a three-yearly fund to finance the diverse number of policies that needed implementing, including converting manufacturing processes, personnel training, patenting new technologies, paying royalties and establishing national ozone offices. From 1991 until 2005 3.1 billion USD was utilised for the faster than expected recovery of this environmental disaster, giving potential hope that the right kind of decisive policy-making may be able to address the bigger problem of climate change. [1] theozonehole.com/montreal.htm un.org/en/events/ozoneday/background.shtml

Agree
Disagree
Latest conversation
Daniel Halliday
Feb 12
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
According to former Secretary General Kofi Annan the Montreal Protocol, a treaty to protect the ozone layer, is “perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date” [1]. Undoubtedly this treaty would not have been as successful if it were not for the effort of the United Nations Multilateral Fund for its implementation in developing countries that would have otherwise been unlikely to address this important global environmental issue. The fund and the protocol have both undeniably helped with the early replenishment of the hole in the ozone layer.
Translate