He rose as a reformer, became a brutal dictator & fell as former western proxy, amidst oil concerns
Saddam Hussein rose to a position of power as deputy chairman of the Iraqi Ba’athist Revolutionary Command Council in 1968, actively pursuing both the modernisation and repression of Iraqi society. Hussein built up state welfare and development programs and a created a strong security service along side economic reforms and modernisation. His aggressive temperament, opportunistic greed and land-grab tactics led to him assuming a position as an international proxy against Iran in the 1980’s. With the US and British promotion of his regime in the Cold War era in efforts to destabilise Iran, Hussein ended up with a powerful military and powerful aspirations.
With the economies of Iraq and Iran subsequently destroyed in a bitter war of attrition, Hussein later turned his strong, internationally sponsored, military westward and invaded Kuwait, sparking the First Gulf War and destroying Iraq-US relations. This arguably lead to Hussein being used as a scapegoat by the US and Britain a decade later amidst a climate of oil supply concerns, and the invasion of Iraq became the most famous intelligence, PR and political disaster of the decade, and unleashing disastrous instability that has perpetuates to this day.