Daniel Halliday
Sep 9 ยท Last update 16 days ago.
Why is there such a big difference in male and female suicide rates?
What is behind the suicide gender paradox?
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Females actually attempt suicide more often than men
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Traditional societal expectations leave some men unable to deal with depression
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Males tend to use more lethal methods of suicide
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Females actually attempt suicide more often than men

Although the frequency of men committing suicide is higher than women, suicide attempts are two to four times more likely in women with a linked pattern to suicidal thoughts also. This issue is massively complicated and despite much research into it the reason for differing rates of suicidal thoughts it not fully understood, let alone the reason for a reversed ratio in actual suicide rates. However there are regions, such as China, that buck the trend completely with women having higher depression and suicide rates than men.

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Traditional societal expectations leave some men unable to deal with depression

One of the main theories to understand this issue is that in the traditional gender roles that societies adhere to, the male gender role has a specific focus placed on strength, independence, risk-taking, economic status and individualism. This combination may have a strong effect on the tendency of males to avoid seeking help for suicidal thoughts and depression. The result of these gender roles may be that men equate even talking about such issues as a sign of weakness, and tend to feel they should be able to solve such issues on their own.

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Males tend to use more lethal methods of suicide

The difference between male and female suicide rates is pronounced, with men nearly twice as likely as women to commit suicide worldwide. There is however much regional variation, for example men being nearly 8 times more likely to take their own life in some Eastern European countries, and the ratio being nearly balanced just a few thousand miles south in the Eastern Mediterranean. Despite the causes for differing rates of suicide attempts remaining unclear, it is thought that the tendency for men to engage in more lethal acts of suicides is a large factor at play in this worldwide disparity.

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