Daniel Halliday
Sep 9 · Last update 4 mo. ago.
Why is there such a big difference in male and female suicide rates?
Females generally tend to have a higher rate of depression and attempt suicide more often when compared to men. However the suicide rate for men is much higher across most countries and cultures. What is behind the suicide gender paradox?
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Males tend to use more lethal methods of suicide
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Traditional societal expectations leave some men unable to deal with depression
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Females actually attempt suicide more often than men
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Males tend to use more lethal methods of suicide

The difference between male and female suicide rates is pronounced, with men nearly twice as likely as women to commit suicide worldwide. There is however much regional variation, for example men being nearly 8 times more likely to take their own life in some Eastern European countries, and the ratio being nearly balanced just a few thousand miles south, in the Eastern Mediterranean. Despite the causes for differing rates of suicide attempts remaining unclear, it is thought that the tendency for men to engage in more lethal acts of suicides is a large factor at play in this worldwide disparity.

Men are statistically much more likely to use more violent and effective methods of suicide, which goes some way to explain why men are much more like to commit suicide without a previous attempt, whereas women who commit suicide are much more likely to have tried before. Men are more likely to attempt suicide by using firearms, hanging, asphyxiation, jumping, moving objects, or sharp objects, which are much more likely to lead to lethal damage being done. Additionally, depressed men are thought to gravitate towards alcohol and drug abuse as a result of their depression, again another contributing factor to increased depressive thoughts and impulsive behaviour, something that fuels the massive gender imbalance around suicide.

jakubmarian.com/suicide-rates-by-country-in-europe verywellmind.com/gender-differences-in-suicide-methods-1067508

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Daniel Halliday
May 2
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DH edited this paragraph
The difference between male and female suicide rates is pronounced, with men nearly twice as likely as women to commit suicide worldwide. There is however much regional variation, for example men being nearly 8 times more likely to take their own life in some Eastern European countries, and the ratio being nearly balanced just a few thousand miles south, in the Eastern Mediterranean. Despite the causes for differing rates of suicide attempts remaining unclear, it is thought that the tendency for men to engage in more lethal acts of suicides is a large factor at play in this worldwide disparity.
Traditional societal expectations leave some men unable to deal with depression

One of the main theories to understand this issue is that in the traditional gender roles that societies adhere to, the male gender role has a specific focus placed on strength, independence, risk-taking, economic status and individualism. This combination may have a strong effect on the tendency of males to avoid seeking help for suicidal thoughts and depression. The result of these gender roles may be that men equate even talking about such issues as a sign of weakness, and tend to feel they should be able to solve such issues on their own.

According to some studies gender differences in suicide is thought to be related to the socially constructed masculinities and femininities of a certain culture. The recent rising trend in male suicide rate could be related to not only Westernised masculine ideals of dealing with your problems on your own, or “sucking it up” and carrying on, but also to the modern attack on masculinity as a toxic set of character traits, putting men in an increasingly pressurised negative space. For example this may leave some men feeling too much pressured to talk and more social pressure still for not talking.

sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875686708000146 healthcentral.com/article/why-the-suicide-rate-is-higher-in-males

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Daniel Halliday
May 2
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DH edited this paragraph
According to some studies gender differences in suicide is thought to be related to the socially constructed masculinities and femininities of a certain culture. The recent rising trend in male suicide rate could be related to not only Westernised masculine ideals of dealing with your problems on your own, or “sucking it up” and carrying on, but also to the modern attack on masculinity as a toxic set of character traits, putting men in an increasingly pressurised negative space. For example this may leave some men feeling too much pressured to talk and more social pressure still for not talking.
Females actually attempt suicide more often than men

Although the frequency of men committing suicide is higher than women, suicide attempts are two to four times more likely in women with a linked pattern to suicidal thoughts also. This issue is massively complicated and despite much research into it the reason for differing rates of suicidal thoughts is not fully understood, let alone the reason for a reversed ratio in actual suicide rates. However there are regions, such as China, that buck the trend completely with women having higher depression and suicide rates than men. But trends are changing elsewhere also as the picture of suicide and gender looks be becoming increasingly complex.

Suicide rates are paradoxical as although the rate is higher in men, women have higher rates of depression, something that is growing amongst girls in many countries in recent years. The tendency women have to internalise depressive feelings and inflict that on themselves, is more likely to cause fully blown depression, whereas men tend to react to that outwardly and act out either aggressively, either physically or verbally. However in recent years it looks like suicide hospitalisation rate with younger teenage girls is shooting up massively in the United States, meaning these differences could be amplifying or even set to change.

books.google.co.jp/books?id=db9OHpk-TksC&pg=PA191&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false youtu.be/CI6rX96oYnY?t=55

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Daniel Halliday
May 2
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DH edited this paragraph
Suicide rates are paradoxical as although the rate is higher in men, women have higher rates of depression, something that is growing amongst girls in many countries in recent years. The tendency women have to internalise depressive feelings and inflict that on themselves, is more likely to cause fully blown depression, whereas men tend to react to that outwardly and act out either aggressively, either physically or verbally. However in recent years it looks like suicide hospitalisation rate with younger teenage girls is shooting up massively in the United States, meaning these differences could be amplifying or even set to change.
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