Shodai Okuzaki
May 24 · Last update 5 mo. ago.
What kind of function should a history textbook have?
In Japan, major students learn history through a history textbook objectively. Some Japanese students memorize all of the historical incidents for entrance exams so they don't feel history is not important. However, in other countries, students use history textbooks which have them foster the spirit of their own countries. In German, students regret what Germany had done in WW2 through studying their own history. Therefore, they recognize their history deeply and correctly.
Stats of Viewpoints
A countries history cannot be separate from that of its neighbouring country's
0 agrees
0 disagrees
A tendency toward extremism could be somewhat curbed by national pride being fostered in schools
0 agrees
1 disagrees
For children, memorising facts is not a negative thing, understanding will come later in life
0 agrees
1 disagrees
History texts books should be used to help understand why things happened, not just what happened
2 agrees
0 disagrees
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A countries history cannot be separate from that of its neighbouring country's

The histories of separate countries are all intertwined, this was true in the ages of ancient civilisations and it is even more true of the modern technological age of globalisation. History textbooks need to take this into account and present a more accurate world view in regards to history, not an ethnocentric or regional view of events. History textbooks often focus just on the home country of the student audience, or the histories of other countries are often taught separately. Both should be more effectively intertwined to give students an accurate view of the history of regions, not a narrow view of their own country’s history.

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A tendency toward extremism could be somewhat curbed by national pride being fostered in schools

It’s important to conserve a national identity in a world of such radical and sometimes violent extremism. Students should be engaged and informed about the positive aspects of their history and culture. If we are not careful to foster this it can lead to children becoming disenfranchised with their country, community, education and life.

This can be seen for example in the number of ISIS hostage guards labelled "the Beatles" by the press. This terrorist group were responsible for a range of torture and execution acts, and were born and grew up in the UK. Disenfranchisement is a feeling that can be combatted with an positive education focussed on the instilling of a certain level of national pride in students.

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Daniel Halliday
Jul 11
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
This can be seen for example in the number of ISIS hostage guards labelled "the Beatles" by the press. This terrorist group were responsible for a range of torture and execution acts, and were born and grew up in the UK. Disenfranchisement is a feeling that can be combatted with an positive education focussed on the instilling of a certain level of national pride in students.
For children, memorising facts is not a negative thing, understanding will come later in life

History is too dense to expect children to come away with an appreciation of its implications. It is more important to have them memorise facts so they are at least aware of historical events. The implications should come from them thinking about these ideas over time, processing them as they become an adult and form their opinions of the world.

The more they are aware of the less likely they will be to develop a narrow opinion. The real downside of some styles of history education is a lack of engaging lessons and the focus on one subject for too long. More money and funding should be put into teaching, with higher salaries for teachers to attract engaging talent to educate future generations. This would enable children to engage more and learn more facts to aid them in their futures as adults.

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Daniel Halliday
Jul 11
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
The more they are aware of the less likely they will be to develop a narrow opinion. The real downside of some styles of history education is a lack of engaging lessons and the focus on one subject for too long. More money and funding should be put into teaching, with higher salaries for teachers to attract engaging talent to educate future generations. This would enable children to engage more and learn more facts to aid them in their futures as adults.
History texts books should be used to help understand why things happened, not just what happened

History text books should all come with the following quote from Winston Churchill: “history is written by the victors”. Not to undermine the contents of the book, but to encourage students to adopt an open, critical mind when reading history. It’s one thing to memorise history, it’s another to analyse it and draw valid conclusions, parallels and lessons from it.

Critical thinking is an area largely missing from the modern classroom in most curricula around the world. However, critical thinking aids real problem solving, something that is hugely beneficial in most occupations. Students careers, and society at large, would benefit positively from a greater number of critical, informed graduates. History text books should only be used to aid open, balanced and critical discussions on history, and not as a sort of history “bible” that cannot be questioned.

Reference: globaldigitalcitizen.org/the-importance-of-teaching-critical-thinking

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Daniel Halliday
May 26
Approved
DH edited this paragraph
Critical thinking is an area largely missing from the modern classroom in most curricula around the world. However, critical thinking aids real problem solving, something that is hugely beneficial in most occupations. Students careers, and society at large, would benefit positively from a greater number of critical, informed graduates. History text books should only be used to aid open, balanced and critical discussions on history, and not as a sort of history “bible” that cannot be questioned.
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