The end of the First World War marked the beginning of a transition, from direct colonialism, to indirect control of a region, through to decolonisation following the Second World War. A change in rhetoric can be noted in this time from colonisers thinking of colonisation as civilising barbaric peoples, to referring to colonialism as indirect rule, a protectorate or helping the country achieve stability. This arguably did not address the problems of colonialism, but largely complimented them by expanding Japan’s pre-Second World War empire. This issue arguably remains today, with some territories remaining occupied since this time, and argument of occupation in the name of stability is still used to excuse land acquisition, e.g. Russia in Crimea.