Masaki Shibutani
Oct 17 · Last update 7 days ago.
What impact did the end of World War 1 have on the world? (Positive and Negative influence)
In 2018, 100 years have passed since World War I was concluded. Because it was a disastrous war, sacrifices came at a price in Europe. Despite experiencing World War I, the world began war again. World War 2 has started after several decades. What has the world learned from the end of the World War I? Maybe, I think that this question has a positive influence on the present situation where war is still occurring now.
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The increasing use of propaganda
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End of honourable warfare
0 agrees
0 disagrees
End of tolerance
0 agrees
0 disagrees
The refining of espionage and the birth of technological intelligence
0 agrees
0 disagrees
A new era of diplomacy
0 agrees
0 disagrees
World War 1 marked the beginning of the changing face of colonialism
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0 disagrees
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The increasing use of propaganda

Propaganda had a huge effect on the war effort for the first time in history during the First World War. An advance in communications technology allowed messages to be received from the front line regularly, and the governments of France, Britain and the United States especially made use of this to manipulate public opinion around the war. This new dimension of warfare had a deep impact on Adolf Hitler, who witnessed the effectiveness of the Allies propaganda campaigns, and used similar tactics extensively to manipulate and control public opinion up to and throughout the Second World War. This particular aspect of the First World War has had longer lasting implications however, with propaganda arguably having a lasting legacy in the form of its influence on modern journalism.

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End of honourable warfare

One reason for the large scale of destruction of the First World War was a sudden advance in weapon technology, especially that of the machine gun, which led to trench warfare. Many frontiers of the war were behind others technologically even to the point of entering the war, wearing old fashioned uniforms and using old fashioned weaponry. The effect this had was one of an all out massacre, as soldiers in bright coloured costumes, sometimes on horseback, sometimes brandishing a sword, were no matched for an entrenched line of machine gun wielding, well uniformed soldiers. With this change of style of warfare came a change in values and the war became increasingly ugly as it became more about winning at whatever the cost and less about honourable conduct. This had a lasting effect, as armies became slower to engage in such all out massacres, but sadly the price of life became cheaper and the scale of massacre became ever greater with the Second World War.

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End of tolerance

Through the fall of great empires with the end of the First World War, came a new era and new rivalries, but of those new emergent nation-states there was a lack of stability and in certain states a distinct collapse in tolerance. But it was the traumatic nature of the First World War that allowed such intolerant aspects of human nature to be expressed so readily in coming decades. That level of violence had made its mark on the subsequent generation and it would take a repetition of such traumas for the world to truly recoil from that level of violence. In times of change, economic pressure and a massive upheaval of people grave mistakes were made as Germany, Japan and the Soviet Union as they abandoned tolerance, a situation that parallels current political elements in a time of transition, economic pressures and a massive displacement of people.

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The refining of espionage and the birth of technological intelligence

Prior to the First World War all major powers had complex espionage mechanisms in place, with networks of spies throughout Europe and organisations in place for dealing with the large amount of intelligence gathered from behind enemy lines. Spying stepped into the modern age during this period as military intelligence took on an increasingly significant role in the war effort, this is particularly clear from the newly available forms of intelligence gathering. Aerial photography reconnaissance and especially the interception and decryption of radio signals changed the course of the war as the United States declared its role in the war following the British codebreaking efforts.

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A new era of diplomacy

In 1918 US president Woodrow Wilson gave a speech outlining principles for peace negotiations to end war in Europe, Wilson’s 'Fourteen Points' statement was then translated and disseminated across Europe. These principles became popular, but to work required international enforcement, and a forum for discussing international disputes, the League of Nations, was set up at the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First War War in 1920. Although the League of Nations failed to prevent the onslaught of the Second World War, it did lay the foundation for a new diplomatic philosophy that would be carried on by the United Nations, after this war.

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World War 1 marked the beginning of the changing face of colonialism

The end of the First World War marked the beginning of a transition, from direct colonialism, to indirect control of a region, through to decolonisation following the Second World War. A change in rhetoric can be noted in this time from colonisers thinking of colonisation as civilising barbaric peoples, to referring to colonialism as indirect rule, a protectorate or helping the country achieve stability. This arguably did not address the problems of colonialism, but largely complimented them by expanding Japan’s pre-Second World War empire. This issue arguably remains today, with some territories remaining occupied since this time, and argument of occupation in the name of stability is still used to excuse land acquisition, e.g. Russia in Crimea.

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